The state has 30.1 thousand kilometers of highways, but only 10% are paved. The main crops grown are coffee, sugarcane and fruits (mostly coconut, bananas and papayas). The passenger terminal has a constructed area of nearly 4,000 square meters (43,000 sq ft), a check-in concourse, 25 check-in counters and boarding and arrival lounges. They settled on Vitória Island and around the Bay of Vitória. In 2016, an ongoing drought over much of the state negatively impacted coffee and other crops. State of Espirito Santo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 211,505 reviews of State of Espirito Santo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best State of Espirito Santo resource. More recently developed are silviculture and fruit growing, with use for canned fruit and for cellulose production. In 2012, the export basket of Espírito Santo was based on iron ore (52.49%), crude oil (10.87%), chemical pulp made of soda or sulphate wood (10.01%), stone or construction (5.58%) and coffee (4.42%). Vitória (Portuguese pronunciation: [viˈtɔɾjɐ], Victory), spelled Victória until the 1940s, is the capital of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil.It is located on a small island within a bay where a number of rivers meet the sea. As of 2018, there are five such flights a week. Espírito Santo, 9th place, had a production of 4.1 million m³. [7], The population density was 72.7 inhabitants per square kilometer (188/sq mi). Like today's Capixaba Italian community, they still hold on to many aspects of their ancestors' homeland's culture, as represented in festivals such as the Sommerfest in Domingos Martins. Things to Do in State of Espirito Santo, Brazil: See Tripadvisor's 211,913 traveler reviews and photos of State of Espirito Santo tourist attractions. Currently the main use of the port is for ship and oil platform repairs, as well as international shipping. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. [citation needed]. In 2016, the top five states producing logs for paper and cellulose (mainly eucalyptus) were: Paraná (15.9 million m³), São Paulo (14.7 million m³) , Bahia (13.6 million m³), Mato Grosso do Sul (9.9 million m³) and Minas Gerais (7.8 million m³). Français : L'Espírito Santo est un état brésilien. Vitória is one of the 32 airports in the Infraero network that has a cargo terminal. In the urban centers of the capital and Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, practically all the main units of the Espírito Santo transformation industry are concentrated. Vitória is an important port for the exporting of iron and steel; the state is among the biggest steel-producing regions the world. This narrow approach also results in shipping passing closely to population centers. As at the time they were Ottoman Empire citizens, they were commonly called 'Turcos' (Turks). It was founded in 1551. In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. Another reason for the subdued expansion was the colonial administration's prohibition of the laying roads leading into Minas Gerais, as it was feared gold would be smuggled through the state. Zum Mundartgebrauch in Siedlungen pommerscher Auswanderer des 19. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. It was given this name in reference to the Holy Ghost, believed by some Christian religions to be the third part of a trinity God … Tyrolean settlers were both of German and Italian language and concentrated in the region of Santa Leopoldina and Santa Teresa. In mineral extraction, there is exploration, in the Cachoeiro de Itapemirim area, of reserves of marbles, limestone and dolomite. Large communities were established in the southern part of the state. These 5 sectors concentrate 69.9% of the state's industry. El Espíritu Santo, al llenar al creyente con un sentido de lo divino, le mueve a rendir este honor y alabanza. Tourist destinations include coastal areas such as Guarapari, Jacaraípe and Manguinhos, and mountain retreats such as Domingos Martins. The bay on which it is located is extremely narrow, with rocks, reefs and mountains making it challenging for freighters and maritime cruisers to reach the docks. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo, a hereditary fief, was granted to Vasco Coutinho by Manuel I of Portugal around three decades after the Portuguese first landed in Brazil in 1500. The recent construction of new aircraft parking boxes on the aprons has increased the airport’s operational efficiency. L'ÉTAT D'ESPIRITO SANTO (BRÉSIL) ESSAI DE DIVISIONS RÉGIONALES1 (Pl. [20], The state was the 5th largest producer of coconut in Brazil in 2009, with 157 million fruits. 2. [citation needed], The flag of Espírito Santo is a horizontal triband of blue, white and pink, with the state motto,"Trabalha e Confia" (English: "Work and trust [God]") written across the middle band. Situation critique dans l’État de l’Espírito Santo: les autorités doivent veiller à ne pas commettre d’erreurs démanteler la Index AI : AMR 19/026/02 Parce que, depuis longtemps, les atteintes systématiques aux droits humains ne font l’objet d’aucune enquête et … A new runway and terminal were due at the end of 2007 but several budget inconsistencies were found and construction was halted. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. [Elke Potthast-Hubold] There are still a number of traditional Italian dance groups in the state and Italian culture festivals, such as the one held in Venda Nova do Imigrante. With 46,180 square kilometers (17,830 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountainous forests, mangroves and many others. The port of Vitória is the most difficult to access among Brazilian port. Since construction of its first section, finished in 1946, the airport has undergone several expansions and modernizations, but current demand has surpassed its capacity of 560 thousand passengers a year. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. However, commercial activity acquires a certain importance with iron ore exports from Minas Gerais, through the Vitória a Minas Railway and is shipped at the ports of Atalaia and Ponta do Tubarão. In the early 20th century, its current state symbols were adopted. The steel industries are located in the capital Vitória: Companhia Ferro e Aço de Vitória, iron ore pelletizing plant of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce; lumber, textiles, crockery, instant coffee, chocolates and refrigerators. The pre-colonial Amerindians groups in Espírito Santo were the Tupiniquim, the Temininó, the Aymoré, the Puri and the Botocudo. Brazilian forest-based industry exports totaled US $ 9.7 billion (US $ 7.48 billion in cellulose, US $ 2 billion in paper and US $ 265 million in wood panels). In 1889, with the advent of the First Brazilian Republic, Espírito Santo was made one of the states of Brazil. Espírito Santo's namesake is the Christian Holy Ghost (also known as the Holy Spirit). Espírito Santo is a major steel producer, due to two steel mills present in its territory: ArcelorMittal Tubarão (formerly Companhia Siderúrgica de Tubarão), in the capital Vitória, which, in 2018, produced 7 million tons of crude steel, of the 35.4 million produced in the country; and ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (formerly Votorantim Siderurgia), also in the capital, which produced 1 million tons of crude steel in the same year. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. The federative units of Brazil (Portuguese: unidades federativas do Brasil) are subnational entities with a certain degree of autonomy (self-government, self-regulation and self-collection) and endowed with their own government and constitution, which together form the Federative Republic of Brazil.There are 26 states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal). Espírito Santo, directly translated to “Holy Spirit” in English, is a Brazilian state situated in the southeast of this intriguing South American country. Espírito Santo's climate is tropical along the coast, with dry winters and rainy summers. This page was last edited on 31 May 2020, at 01:17. After Cristiano Dias Lopes, Arthur Carlos Gerhard Santos, Élcio Álvares and Eurico Rezende were chosen in this fashion, the military government slowly redemocratized, culminating in the adoption of Brazil's current 1988 Constitution. Subcategories. [9][10][11][12] They founded many towns in the area and have significant influence on Capixaba society. The main river serving the state is the Doce (English: Sweet River). Espírito Santo[a] (UK: /ɛˌspɪrɪtuː ˈsæntuː/,[4] US: /əˌ- ... ˈsɑːn-/,[5] Portuguese: [esˈpiɾitu ˈsɐ̃tu] (listen);[b] meaning "Holy Spirit") is a state in southeastern Brazil. Données [modifier | modifier le code] La région compte 587 756 habitants pour 8 843 km 2. The state's tourist activity is concentrated on the coast, where there are beaches, such as Itaúnas and Guarapari. However, Espírito Santo was still to play a significant part in the Brazilian abolitionist movement in the guise of the Espírito Santo's slave rebellion of 1848-1849, which demanded intervention of imperial troops. According to the IBGE as of 2012, there were 3,637,000 people residing in the state. One of the most important lake districts in Brazil lies on the banks of the Doce River. Amerindian food has left its legacy in capixaba culture; the fish-based moqueca capixaba is the state dish, among other local typical seafood dishes. Banque Privée Espírito Santo SA en liquidation, c/o Carrard Consulting SA, Rue Pépinet 3, 1003 Lausanne. São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. The capital was at first established in Vila Velha, but due to frequent raids by Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8, 1551, on an island near Vila Velha, which was later named Vitória Island. [citation needed]. A This motto is a truncated version of the Jesuit motto "work as if everything depended on you, and trust as if everything depended on God", well spread by Spanish Catholic missionary José de Anchieta, and was chosen by Jerônimo Monteiro, who was Governor of Espírito Santo from 1908 to 1912. Champagne Beach draws tourists with its white sand and clear waters. Romanians (especially from Transylvania and Bukovina) and Roma usually arrived under Austrian passports. [23]. The country exported 2.163 million tons. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. Agriculture represents 5% of GDP (2004). Italiano: Il Espírito Santo è uno stato del Brasile. During the colonial era, there were periods of gold rush when agriculture was neglected, leading to food shortages, but not much gold was found in Espírito Santo as in the neighbouring states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. In the south, dairy farming is practiced, and milk is sold, through cooperatives, in the markets of Rio de Janeiro and Vitória. After the independence of Brazil in 1822, it became a province of the newly-established Empire of Brazil, and after Brazil became a republic in 1889, it was granted statehood. The state is often referred to by its official abbreviation, Largest cities or towns in Espírito Santo, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics", "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Imigração italiana por Estados e Regiões do Brasil (in Portuguese)", "Espírito Santo, lo stato più veneto del Brasile", Consulado italiano vai abrir dois escritórios em Vitória para agilizar pedidos de cidadania (in Portuguese), Sobre a composição étnica da população capixaba (in Portuguese), IBGE prevê safra recorde de grãos em 2020, Coagro espera a melhor safra da cana-de-açúcar dos últimos quatro anos, ACOMPANHAMENTO DA SAFRA BRASILEIRA DE CANA DE AÇÚCAR MAIO 2019, Custo de produção de banana no sudeste paraense, Composição do PIB do estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio aumenta sua participação na produção nacional de petróleo e gás, Made in Espírito Santo: celulose capixaba é usada em papel até do outro lado do mundo, São Mateus é o 6º maior produtor de madeira em tora para papel e celulose no país, diz IBGE, DENATRAN - Frota nacional de veículos 2016, Número de aparelhos celulares ultrapassa 4 milhões no Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), "Significado das cores da bandeira capixaba", Brazilian Portal with information about Espírito Santo and Brazil, The German Colonists in the Brazilian State of Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Espírito_Santo&oldid=993284090, States and territories established in 1889, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with empty sections from March 2018, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, capixaba, espiritossantense or espirito-santense, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 20:19. Following the elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1815, prompted by the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Espírito Santo was elevated to a province.

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