[57] However, Israeli Army Radio later reported that Chirac had secretly told Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert that France would support an Israeli invasion of Syria and the overthrow of the government of President Bashar al-Assad, promising to veto any moves against Israel in the United Nations or European Union. The RPR employee advised him "certainly do not vote Giscard!" During an official visit to Madagascar on 21 July 2005, Chirac described the repression of the 1947 Malagasy uprising, which left between 80,000 and 90,000 dead, as "unacceptable". "Chirac and ‘la Francafrique’: No longer a family affair. He used to be a heavy smoker but had given up many years ago. [79] He was originally portrayed as a rather likable, though overexcited, character; following the corruption allegations, however, he was depicted as a kind of dilettante and incompetent who pilfered public money and lied through his teeth. Chirac announced that he did not want to come back as prime minister as his previous term had ended with his unsuccessful run for the presidency against Mitterand who was still President at this point. C’est d’ailleurs un sénateur qu’il nomma Premier ministre en 2002, Jean-Pierre Raffarin, engageant avec lui l’acte II de la décentralisation jusqu’à la loi constitutionnelle du 28 mars 2003, dont vous connaissez mieux que quiconque les avancées considérables. Par ordre fonctionnel. En 1995, Jacques Chirac est élu Président de la République. In a speech made on 16 July 1995 at the site of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup, where 13,000 Jews had been held for deportation to concentration camps in July 1942, Chirac said, "France, on that day, committed the irreparable". This surprising victory in the context of a Gaullist ebb permitted him to enter the government as Minister of Social Affairs. [49] The departing plane, an Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde, ran over a strip of metal on takeoff puncturing its left fuel tank and sliced electrical wires near the left landing gear. When student and worker unrest rocked France in May 1968, Chirac played a central role in negotiating a truce. Le nouveau Premier ministre n'est visiblement pas encore très à l'aise avec les journalistes qui l'assaillent de toutes parts. [63] He recovered and returned to his duties soon afterward. The first employment contract (CPE) was designed to cut youth unemployment by allowing employers to dismiss workers under 26 within their first two years in a job. On 25 July 2000, as Chirac and the first lady were returning from the G7 Summit in Okinawa, Japan, they were placed in a dangerous situation by Air France Flight 4590 after they landed at Charles de Gaulle International Airport. The possibility of a further attempt foundered after Chirac was forced into cohabitation with a Socialist-led cabinet between 1997 and 2002, then poor Franco-American relations after the French UN veto threat over Iraq in 2003 made transatlantic negotiations impossible. Ex-Premier ministre de Jacques Chirac entre 2002 et 2005, Jean-Pierre Raffarin a rendu hommage à la générosité et à l’humanité de l’ex-président de la République. Along with Vladimir Putin (whom he called "a personal friend"),[55] Hu Jintao, and Gerhard Schröder, Chirac emerged as a leading voice against George W. Bush and Tony Blair in 2003 during the organisation and deployment of American and British forces participating in a military coalition to forcibly remove the government of Iraq controlled by the Ba'ath Party under the leadership of Saddam Hussein that resulted in the 2003–2011 Iraq War. Le 2 juin 1997, Jacques Chirac nomme Lionel Jospin Premier ministre. Sur … This drew widespread condemnation from the U.S. which responded by threatening sanctions against the EU unless the embargo was continued. [71], On 11 April 2008, Chirac's office announced that he had undergone successful surgery to fit a pacemaker. The 182-page typewritten work, supervised by Professor Jean Chardonnet, is illustrated by photographs, sketches and diagrams. At the year's end Chirac faced major workers' strikes which turned, in November–December 1995, into a general strike, one of the largest since May 1968. [citation needed]. Jacques Chirac : un bilan marqué par le pragmatisme. Secretary of State for Economy and Finance: 1968–71. On 29 May 2005 a referendum was held in France to decide whether the country should ratify the proposed Constitution of the European Union. À son arrivée à l'Élysée, il nomme Alain Juppé Premier ministre. Notable names included António Guterres, Jean-Claude Juncker, Jens Stoltenberg, Vladimir Putin, Sergio Mattarella, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Charles Michel, Viktor Orbán, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Saad Hariri, Borut Pahor, Salome Zourabichvili, Tony Blair, Jean Chrétien, Vaira Vike-Freiberga, Bill Clinton, Hamid Karzai, Dai Bingguo plus many ministers. [84], The Osirak deal became a controversy again in 2002–2003, when an international military coalition led by the United States invaded Iraq and forcibly removed Hussein's government from power. [21] In 1965, he became an auditor in the Court of Auditors. Jean-Pierre Raffarin a été le Premier ministre de Jacques Chirac de 2002 à 2005. > De 14h à 15h, c’est Hondelatte raconte sur Europe 1. He warned that "humanity is dancing on a volcano" and called for serious action by the world's leading industrialized nations. General councillor of Corrèze: 1968–88. In 2001, the left, represented by Bertrand Delanoë (PS), won a majority on the city council of the capital. Ministre de l'Agriculture de 1972 à 1974, Jacques Chirac a marqué de son empreinte le monde agricole. [77], Chirac died at his home in Paris on 26 September 2019, surrounded by his family. Giscard d'Estaing was elected as Pompidou's successor after France's most competitive election campaign in years. [80], Bernard Le Coq portrays Chirac in La Dernière Campagne and The Conquest by Xavier Durringer.[81][82]. This matter has been called the Clearstream Affair. Gouvernement de Jean-Pierre Raffarin II, Premier ministre, 17 juin 2002 – 30 mars 2004. in, Gaffney, John. Nicolas Sarkozy : Ministre de l'intérieur, de la sécurité intérieure et des libertés locales. Pendant ce second mandat, il s'oppose notamment, avec le ministre … Il a confié sa peine à RTL . "Jacques Chirac: Surviving without Leading?." Premier ministre (du 31 mai 2005 au 17 mai 2007) Dominique de Villepin. Rappelons qu'en 2002, Chirac refuse de débattre avec Jean-Marie Le Pen sous les prétextes habituels, dans le genre "on ne débat pas face à l'intolérance et à la haine" etc. [89] On 30 October 2009, a judge ordered Chirac to stand trial on embezzlement charges, dating back to his time as mayor of Paris. Le président Chirac sera sans concession avec l'extrême-droite, avec qui il refusera toute alliance. Pompidou considered Chirac his protégé, and referred to him as "my bulldozer" for his skill at getting things done. "Jacques chirac's balancing acts: The French right and Europe. President François Mitterrand had reiterated this position: "The Republic had nothing to do with this. [12], Chirac was an only child (his elder sister, Jacqueline, died in infancy before his birth). The French president, by a constitutional convention, only controls foreign and military policy— and even then, allocation of funding is under the control of Parliament and under the significant influence of the prime minister. [33], While he still was mayor of Paris (since 1977),[34] Chirac went to Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire) where he supported President Houphouët-Boigny (1960–1993), although the latter was being called a "thief" by the local population. During a state visit to the People's Republic of China on April 21, 2005 Chirac's Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin lent support to the new Anti-Secession Law, which justified an invasion of Taiwan by the PRC in the event of a declaration of Taiwan independence, and continued to push for a lift of the European Union arms embargo against China. On 27 February 1974, after the resignation of Raymond Marcellin, Chirac was appointed Minister of the Interior. France: Chirac nomme un conservateur néo-libéral comme premier ministre intérimaire. Immediately after Sarkozy's victory, Chirac moved into a 180-square-metre (1,900 sq ft) duplex on the Quai Voltaire in Paris lent to him by the family of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. I'd at least like that he succeeds in his exit." The Israeli Air Force alleged that the reactor's imminent commissioning was a threat to its security, and pre-emptively bombed the Osirak reactor on 7 June 1981, provoking considerable anger from French officials and the United Nations Security Council. "[97], In 1956, Chirac married Bernadette Chodron de Courcel, with whom he had two daughters: Laurence (4 March 1958 – 14 April 2016)[98] and Claude (born 6 December 1962). Chirac seized the occasion to periodically criticise Jospin's government. Principaux ministres sous la présidence de Jacques Chirac. France led several other European countries in an effort to prevent the invasion. President Chirac continued to be the voice within the G8 summit meetings to support international action to curb global warming and climate change concerns. Par le Président de la République : Le Premier ministre, Jean-Pierre Raffarin Le ministre de la santé, de la famille et des personnes handicapées, Jean-François Mattei Le ministre des affaires sociales, du travail et de la solidarité, François Fillon Aujourd’hui, en France comme à l’international, de tous bords politiques et sur les réseaux sociaux, chacun se souvient de l’homme, de l’animal politique, de l’humaniste, du franchouillard, de l’érudit, du libéral, du Corrézien qui nous laisse un héritage immense. Liste des ministres sous Chirac. [31], Chirac ran against Mitterrand for a second time in the 1988 election. Il semble quelque peu dépassé par les événements. While the far-right National Front grew, taking advantage of the proportional representation electoral system which had been introduced for the 1986 legislative elections, he signed an electoral pact with the Giscardian (and more or less Christian Democratic) party Union for French Democracy (UDF). Charles Fathy appears as Chirac in the Oliver Stone film W. Marc Rioufol plays him in Richard Loncraine's 2010 film The Special Relationship. Au fil de sa longue carrière, Jacques Chirac s'est défié des idéologies et a su s'adapter aux évolutions du contexte politique. En 1986, suite à la victoire de la Droite aux Législatives, Jacques Chirac devient premier ministre de François Mitterrand. "I call on all French to massively vote for republican ideals against the extreme right." On 1 February 1996, Chirac announced that France had ended "once and for all" its nuclear testing and intended to accede to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. [10] Some political commentators note that the president's authority and credibility is in serious decline due to this scandal and combined impact of the French voters rejection of the European Union constitution in May 2005 which Chirac had publicly championed. [78] His requiem mass was held at the Saint-Sulpice Church on 30 September 2019, celebrated by Michel Aupetit, Archbishop of Paris, and attended by representatives from about 175 countries, included 69 past and present heads of state, government and international organizations. En 2002, il revient au gouvernement. [28] But the eviction of the Gaullist barons and of President Giscard d'Estaing convinced Chirac to assume a strong neo-Gaullist stance. [5] Future Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin acquired much of his popularity for his speech against the war at the United Nations (UN). Jacques Chirac . Chirac has often been described to be extremely resilient and hard-working, and to have conserved a legendary appetite; before 2005, he had never had major health problems throughout his long political career. President of the French Republic: 1995–2007. Liste des ministres du Gouvernement de Lionel Jospin (1997-2002) sous la présidence de Jacques Chirac (1995-2007) Gouvernement Jospin (2 juin 1997 - 6 mai 2002) : Lionel Jospin : Premier ministre However, as Giscard had been knocked out, Chirac appeared as the principal leader of the right-wing opposition. He was also known for his stand against the American-led assault on Iraq, his recognition of the collaborationist French Government's role in deporting Jews, and his reduction of the presidential term from 7 years to 5 through a referendum in 2000. At the invitation of Saddam Hussein (then vice-president of Iraq, but de facto dictator), Chirac made an official visit to Baghdad in 1975. [7] After pursuing these policies in his second term as Prime Minister, he changed his views. [30] The French Army thus remained in Côte d'Ivoire as well as in Omar Bongo's Gabon. [citation needed], In the United States Chirac worked at Anheuser-Busch in St. Louis, Missouri. The UMP won the parliamentary elections that followed the presidential poll with ease. A droite, les rôles semblent clairs : à Balladur, le rôle de Premier ministre, à Chirac (alors maire de Paris et président du RPR) la préparation de la présidentielle de 1995. Jacques René Chirac (UK: /ˈʃɪəræk/ SHEER-ak,[1][2] US: /ʒɑːk ʃɪəˈrɑːk/ (listen) ZHAHK sheer-AHK,[2][3][4] French: [ʒak ʁəne ʃiʁak] (listen); 29 November 1932[5] – 26 September 2019) was a French politician who served as President of France[6] from 1995 to 2007. [86], Chirac has been named in several cases of alleged corruption that occurred during his term as mayor, some of which have led to felony convictions of some politicians and aides. ", Gaffney, John. "Skill in context: A comparison of politicians. Chirac was then the target of various American and British commentators supporting the decisions of president Bush and prime minister Tony Blair. The would-be assassin … Chirac told the Socialist candidate that he wanted to "get rid of Giscard". ... (2002-2005) sous la présidence de Jacques Chirac (1995-2007) ... 17 juin 2002) : Jean-Pierre Raffarin : Premier ministre. [93] He was convicted of diverting public funds, abuse of trust and illegal conflict of interest. Despite British and American pressure, Chirac threatened to veto, at that given point, a resolution in the UN Security Council that would authorise the use of military force to rid Iraq of alleged weapons of mass destruction, and rallied other governments to his position. [17] In 1950, he signed the Soviet-inspired Stockholm Appeal for the abolition of nuclear weapons – which led him to be questioned when he applied for his first visa to the United States. In 2011, the Paris court declared Chirac guilty of diverting public funds and abusing public confidence, giving him a two-year suspended prison sentence. Two days later, Jean-Pierre Raffarin resigned and Chirac appointed Dominique de Villepin as Prime Minister of France. Despite intense U.S. pressure, Chirac threatened to veto, at that given point, a resolution in the U.N. Security Council that would authorize the use of military force to rid Iraq of alleged weapons of mass destruction, and rallied other governments to his position. After the publication of the Jean-Claude Méry by Le Monde on 22 September 2000, in which Jean-Claude Méry, in charge of the RPR's financing, directly accused Chirac of organizing the network, and of having been physically present on 5 October 1986, when Méry gave in cash 5 million Francs, which came from companies who had benefited from state deals, to Michel Roussin, personal secretary (directeur de cabinet) of Chirac,[42][43] Chirac refused to attend court in response to his summons by judge Eric Halphen, and the highest echelons of the French justice system declared that he could not be inculpated while in office. [2] The gunman, Maxime Brunerie, underwent psychiatric testing; the violent far-right group with which he was associated, Unité Radicale was then administratively dissolved[specify]. En 1995, Jacques Chirac est élu Président de la République. When Valéry Giscard d'Estaing became president, he nominated Chirac as prime minister on 27 May 1974, to reconcile the "Giscardian" and "non-Giscardian" factions of the parliamentary majority. - Jean-Marie Le Pen, candidat du Front national (extrême droite). After some months in the ministry for Relations with Parliament, Chirac's first high-level post came in 1972 when he became Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development under Pompidou, who had been elected president in 1969, after de Gaulle retired. On March 17, 2006, Chirac, was involved in a controversy over a youth employment law after protests in Paris against the measure ended in violence and 187 arrests. Premier ministre de Jacques Chirac - La Nouvelle République. At age 69, Jacques Chirac faced his fourth campaign for the French Presidency in 2002. Mais ses ambitions affichées lui vaudront de nouveaux ennuis. 7 Le premier mouvement de cette contribution a une finalité méthodologique mais il s’appuie sur un corpus réel et un exemple concret qui intéresseront l’historien : l’analyse arborée doit en effet nous éclairer sur le discours présidentiel français en général (1958-2002) et sur la parole chiraquienne en particulier. Chirac took the unprecedented step of signing the bill into law while at the same time calling for not applying the CPE clauses, a move with no base in the French Constitution. Chirac's first tenure as prime minister was also an arguably progressive one, with improvements in both the minimum wage and the social welfare system carried out during the course of his premiership. Furthermore, the satirical newspaper Le Canard enchaîné revealed the astronomical "food expenses" paid by the Parisian municipality (€15 million a year according to the Canard), expenses managed by Roger Romani (who allegedly destroyed all archives of the period 1978–93 during night raids in 1999–2000). Chirac was born in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. Secretary of State for Social Affairs: 1967–68. [100] Chirac was the grandfather of Martin Rey-Chirac by the relationship of Claude with French judoka Thierry Rey. In his memoirs, Giscard wrote that between the two rounds, he phoned the RPR headquarters. But instead, it created an uproar, and his power was weakened by the subsequent backlash. En effet, pour la première fois depuis 1974, il n'y a pas eu de débat télévisé entre les deux candidats avant le second tour des élections présidentielles de 2002. Côte d'Ivoire: Crise de 2002, Essy Amara révèle le rôle de Chirac dans l'échec de la prise de Yamoussoukro par les rebelles Veuillez vous connecter pour commenter ce contenu. The result was a victory for the No campaign, with 55 percent of voters rejecting the treaty on a turnout of 69 percent, dealing a devastating blow to Chirac and the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) party, and to part of the centre-left which had supported the TCE. In February 2014 he was admitted to hospital because of pains related to gout. Quinquennat de M. Jacques Chirac [2002-2007] Premier gouvernement de M. Jean-Pierre Raffarin , Premier Ministre [6 mai 2002 au 17 juin 2002] - M. Dominique de Villepin, Ministre des Affaires étrangères, de la Coopération et de la Francophonie • M. Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres, Ministre délégué aux Affaires européennes In 1978, Chirac attacked the pro-European policy of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (VGE), and made a nationalist turn with the December 1978 Call of Cochin, initiated by his counsellors Marie-France Garaud and Pierre Juillet, which had first been called by Pompidou. He refused to testify on these matters, arguing that it would be incompatible with his presidential functions. Elected as President of the Republic, he refused to discuss the existence of French military bases in Africa, despite requests by the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. [30], On 19 January 2006, Chirac said that France was prepared to launch a nuclear strike against any country that sponsors a terrorist attack against French interests. Vu 1995 bis 2002 hàt dr Jacques Chirac sina erschta Präsidantschàft gmàcht. - May 6, 2002", "BBC NEWS - Europe - Chirac escapes lone gunman's bullet", "Excerpts of interview by President Chirac to TF1 and France2", "BBC NEWS - Middle East - US war signal divides world", "BBC NEWS - Europe - French riots spread beyond Paris", "Chirac: Nuclear Response to Terrorism Is Possible", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jacques_Chirac%27s_second_term_as_President_of_France&oldid=995496262, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from September 2019, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing more detailed references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 10:10. Jacques Chirac est réélu le 5 mai 2002, avec 82,21% des voix face face au candidat Front National, Jean-Marie Le Pen. Àn da Wàhla vum 17. Although Chirac was well-situated in de Gaulle's entourage, being related by marriage to the general's sole companion at the time of the Appeal of 18 June 1940, he was more of a "Pompidolian" than a "Gaullist". Charles Pasqua and Philippe Séguin criticised his abandonment of Gaullist doctrines. The RPR had broken down; a number of members had formed Eurosceptic breakaways. La guerre de tranchée avec le Président, tourne encore à l’avantage du président en place et en 1988, il échoue une deuxième fois à l’élection … Although it has been often interpreted by historians as the struggle between two rival French right-wing families (the Bonapartists, represented by Chirac, and the Orleanists, represented by VGE), both figures in fact were members of the liberal, Orleanist tradition, according to historian Alain-Gérard Slama. Il décède le 26 septembre 2019 à l’âge de 86 ans. These elections were moved forward because of Pompidou's sudden death on 2 April 1974.