Dernière chose. He had a close friendship with "Antoninus", possibly Antoninus Pius,[98] who would consult Rabbi Judah on various worldly and spiritual matters. [78] Also, Antoninus left behind him a reputation for stinginess and was probably determined not to leave his personal property to be "swallowed up by the demands of the imperial throne". Faustina was a beautiful woman, and despite (basically unproven) rumours about her character, it is clear that Antoninus cared for her deeply.[13]. C’est d’ailleurs à ce moment que, très progressivement et au prix de grosses prises de bec, que les Chrétiens commencent à ne plus célébrer la Pâques à la même date que les Juifs. According to the German historian H.G. [10] However, Antoninus did take a great interest in the revision and practice of the law throughout the empire. 5G : Opportunité technologique ou danger sanitaire ? We hope it would be a positive one, as we work hard to provide you with 5-star service. According to the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10a–b), Rabbi Judah was very wealthy and greatly revered in Rome. [21] Finally, Antoninus created a new alimenta (see Grain supply to the city of Rome). Ulianowski also praises Antoninus for being successful in deterrence by diplomatic means. C’est en Asie Mineure, qu’éclatèrent, dans les années 155-156, les derniers soubresauts nationalistes juifs. Born into a senatorial family, Antoninus held various offices during the reign of emperor Hadrian, who adopted him as his son and successor shortly before his death. (Voir Tableau généalogique). [12] They are believed to have enjoyed a happy marriage. [49] This meant that supply lines to the wall were strained enough such as the costs for maintaining the additional territory outweighed the benefits of doing so. 152. Antoninus acquired the cognomen Pius after his accession to the throne, either because he compelled the Senate to deify his adoptive father,[4] or because he had saved senators sentenced to death by Hadrian in his later years. Le règne d’Antonin, ce fut un peu « l’immobilisme au pouvoir ». Arria Fadilla, Antoninus' mother, married afterwards Publius Julius Lupus, suffect consul in 98; from that marriage came two daughters, Arria Lupula and Julia Fadilla. [39] It was however in Britain that Antoninus decided to follow a new, more aggressive path, with the appointment of a new governor in 139, Quintus Lollius Urbicus,[34] a native of Numidia and previously governor of Germania Inferior[43] as well as a new man. Antoninus Pius' funeral ceremonies were, in the words of the biographer, "elaborate". [101] He had developed a reputation as a most strict disciplinarian (vir severissimus, according to Historia Augusta) as well as some lasting grudges among fellow equestrian procurators – one of them, by predeceasing Gavius and vilifying him in his will, created a serious embarrassment to one of the heirs, the orator Fronto. [38], His reign was the most peaceful in the entire history of the Principate,[39] notwithstanding the fact that there were several military disturbances throughout the Empire in his time. Instead of plundering to support his prodigality, he emptied his private treasury to assist distressed provinces and cities, and everywhere exercised rigid economy (hence the nickname κυμινοπριστης "cummin-splitter"). [79], The res privata lands could be sold and/or given away, while the patrimonium properties were regarded as public. [121][122] Roman coins from the reigns of Tiberius to Aurelian have been discovered in Xi'an, China (site of the Han capital Chang'an), although the significantly greater amount of Roman coins unearthed in India suggest the Roman maritime trade for purchasing Chinese silk was centered there, not in China or even the overland Silk Road running through ancient Iran.[123]. Peu après la mort d’Antonin le Pieux, … 10 Juillet 138 - 7 Mars 161. Par son père Titus Aurelius Fulvus, consul en 89, et son grand-père Titus Aurelius Fulvus, … Antoninus was born near Lanuvium (modern-day Lanuvio in Italy) to Titus Aurelius Fulvus, consul in 89, and Arria Fadilla. Faustina was the daughter of consul Marcus Annius Verus (II)[3] and Rupilia Faustina (a half-sister to the Empress Vibia Sabina). Beaucoup ont eu aussi recours à moi à leur sujet, et je leur ai répondu en suivant la décision de mon Père. [112] In contrast to their behavior during Antoninus' campaign to deify Hadrian, the senate did not oppose the emperors' wishes. Instead, he lived with Galeria Lysistrate,[22] one of Faustina's freed women. ", "Antoninus Pius (A.D. 138–161) De Imperatoribus Romanis", L. Catilius Severus Iulianus Claudius Reginus,, Articles with dead external links from October 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus (birth), Imperator Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius. On considère traditionnellement que le règne d’Antonin marque l’apogée de l’Empire romain. Opens image gallery. Originaire du Latium, son surnom, Antonin le Pieux, lui vient de ses … [11], Some time between 110 and 115, Antoninus married Annia Galeria Faustina the Elder. © Empereurs Romains - Tous droits réservés. Le projet est situé à/en Sbeïtla, Tunisie.Le style architecturale est romain. Titus Aurelius Fulvius Antoninus Pius, plus connu sous le nom d'Antonin le Pieux, naquit à Lanuvium en 86 de notre ère dans une famille de riches propriétaires. Ce qu’il s’empressa de faire. Au cours du règne d’Antonin le Pieux (138- 161), une grande partie de la ville fut reconstruite. Suetonius a possible lover of Sabina: One interpretation of, Lover of Hadrian: Lambert (1984), p. 99 and. Get this from a library! La politique religieuse d’Antonin, c’était donc une bonne affaire pour ces Chrétiens qui, depuis l’écrasement de la dernière grande révolte juive de 136, commençaient à prendre de très nettes distances avec le judaïsme. [37], There are no records of any military related acts in his time in which he participated. [7] Titus Aurelius Fulvius was the son of a senator of the same name, who, as legate of Legio III Gallica, had supported Vespasian in his bid to the Imperial office and been rewarded with a suffect consulship, plus an ordinary one under Domitian in 85. Nevertheless, Antoninus assumed power without opposition. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The only intact account of his life handed down to us is that of the Augustan History, an unreliable and mostly fabricated work. [14] They were: When Faustina died in 141, Antoninus was greatly distressed. Or ce sont les communautés d’Asie mineure, fortement teintées de judaïsme, qui, saint Polycarpe de Smyrne en tête, restèrent le plus longtemps et le plus farouchement attachées à la date juive. Marcus consented to Antoninus' proposal. He is known for having increasingly formalized the official cult offered to the Great Mother, which from his reign onwards included a bull sacrifice, a taurobolium, formerly only a private ritual, now being also performed for the sake of the Emperor's welfare. Et pas uniquement parce qu’à l’inverse de son prédécesseur Hadrien, grand voyageur devant l’Éternel, ce pantouflard ne mit pas souvent les pieds hors de Rome ! Faustina's betrothal to Ceionia's brother Lucius Commodus would also have to be annulled. [72] Antoninus also offered patronage to the worship of Mithras, to whom he erected a temple in Ostia. [103] In 160, Marcus and Lucius were designated joint consuls for the following year. Grant opines that Antoninus and his officers did act in a resolute manner dealing with frontier disturbances of his time, although conditions for long-lasting peace were not created. [102] Gavius Maximus' death offered the opportunity to a welcome change in the ruling team, and it has been speculated that it was the legal adviser Lucius Volusius Maecianus who—after a brief spell as Praefect of Egypt, and a subsequent term as Praefectus annonae in Rome – assumed the role of grey eminence precisely in order to prepare the incoming – and altogether new – joint succession. Antoninus in many ways was the ideal of the landed gentleman praised not only by ancient Romans, but also by later scholars of classical history, such as Edward Gibbon[125] or the author of the article on Antoninus Pius in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. Michael Grant agrees that it is possible that had Antoninus acted decisively sooner (it appears that, on his death bed, he was preparing a large-scale action against the Parthians), the Parthians might have been unable to choose their own time, but current evidence is not conclusive. [59] Also during his reign the governor of Upper Germany, probably Caius Popillius Carus Pedo, built new fortifications in the Agri Decumates, advancing the Limes Germanicus fifteen miles forward in his province and neighboring Raetia. He offered hefty financial grants for rebuilding and recovery of various Greek cities after two serious earthquakes: the first, circa 140, which affected mostly Rhodes and other islands; the second, in 152, which hit Cyzicus (where the huge and newly built Temple to Hadrian was destroyed[66]), Ephesus, and Smyrna. According to the historian J. Antonin Le Pieux Et Son Temps (1888) (French Edition) [Lacour-Gayet, Georges] on After a seven-day interval (justitium), Marcus and Lucius nominated their father for deification. Sister of Trajan's father: Giacosa (1977), p. 7. Il est tout aussi exact que, sous Antonin, aucune guerre ne fut déclarée et qu’aucune révolte majeure n’éclata dans les provinces. While this increased Antoninus's popularity, the frugal emperor had to debase the Roman currency. The rest which the Empire enjoyed under his auspices had been rendered possible through Hadrian’s activity, and was not due to his own exertions; on the other hand, he carried the policy of peace at any price too far, and so entailed calamities on the state after his death. [82], Of the public transactions of this period there is only the scantiest of information, but, to judge by what is extant, those twenty-two years were not remarkably eventful in comparison to those before and after the reign. [12] He also adopted (briefly) the name Imperator Titus Aelius Caesar Antoninus, in preparation for his rule. Après le plus long règne depuis Auguste, dépassant de quelques mois celui de Tibère, Antonin le Pieux meurt le 7 mars 161 emporté par des fièvres à Lorium en Etrurie, à 19 km de Rome. [106] He ate Alpine Gruyere cheese at dinner quite greedily. [33], On his accession, Antoninus' name and style became Imperator Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pontifex Maximus. [70] Antoninus also created a chair for the teaching of rhetoric in Athens.[71]. Two days before his death, the biographer reports, Antoninus was at his ancestral estate at Lorium, in Etruria,[105] about twelve miles (19 km) from Rome. Antoninus was an effective administrator, leaving his successors a large surplus in the treasury, expanding free access to drinking water throughout the Empire, encouraging legal conformity, and facilitating the enfranchisement of freed slaves. Thus he prohibited the application of torture to children under fourteen years, though this rule had exceptions. In: Jean-Louis Voisin, "Les Romains, chasseurs de têtes". Faustina bore Antoninus four children, two sons and two daughters. De qui ou de quoi les Chrétiens, héritiers des mouvements messianiques juifs voulaient-ils se libérer ? Scholars name Antoninus Pius as the leading candidate for an individual identified as a friend of Rabbi Judah the Prince. [5] His reign is notable for the peaceful state of the Empire, with no major revolts or military incursions during this time, and for his governing without ever leaving Italy. Sa famille est originaire … He decreased the silver purity of the denarius from 89% to 83.5% – the actual silver weight dropping from 2.88 grams to 2.68 grams.[46][97]. [27] He was next appointed by the Emperor Hadrian as one of the four proconsuls to administer Italia,[28] his district including Etruria, where he had estates. [53] The orator Fronto was later to say that, although Antoninus bestowed the direction of the British campaign to others, he should be regarded as the helmsman who directed the voyage, whose glory, therefore, belonged to him. Pflaum, "Les prêtres du culte impérial sous le règne d'Antonin le Pieux". Antonin le Pieux ( à Lanuvium, Latium - 7 mars 161) est un empereur romain, qui régna de 138 à 161.Par son père Titus Aurelius Fulvus, consul en 89, et son grand-père Titus … [75] Secondly, the res privata, the "private" properties tied to the personal maintenance of the Emperor and his family,[76] something like a Privy Purse. Les frontières de l’Empire furent défendues avec vigilance, mais sans provocations hasardeuses. However, it seems that this was not the case: according to his Historia Augusta biography (which seems to reproduce an earlier, detailed report) Antoninus' body (and not his ashes) was buried in Hadrian's mausoleum. But this treasury was depleted almost immediately after Antoninus's reign due to the plague brought back by soldiers after the Parthian victory. [73] In 148, he presided over the celebrations of the 900th anniversary of the founding of Rome. [99] As Antoninus aged, Marcus would take on more administrative duties, more still after the death—in 156 or 157—of one of Antoninus' most trusted advisers, Marcus Gavius Maximus, who had been praetorian prefect (an office that was as much secretarial as military) for twenty years. Instead of exaggerating into treason whatever was susceptible of unfavorable interpretation, he turned the very conspiracies that were formed against him into opportunities for demonstrating his clemency. En effet Antonin était, en quelque sorte, le neveu de l’empereur : son épouse était une nièce de l’impératrice Sabine, femme d’Hadrien. In: Paul Graindor, "Antonin le Pieux et Athènes". [23][24][25], Having filled the offices of quaestor and praetor with more than usual success,[26] he obtained the consulship in 120[12] having as his colleague Lucius Catilius Severus. He was one of the Five Good Emperors in the Nerva–Antonine dynasty.[3]. Antoninus was raised by his maternal grandfather Gnaeus Arrius Antoninus,[3] reputed by contemporaries to be a man of integrity and culture and a friend of Pliny the Younger. A flamen, or cultic priest, was appointed to minister the cult of the deified Antoninus, now Divus Antoninus. In 156, Antoninus Pius turned 70. En l’occurrence celle des Hébreux d’Égypte. Also, as one could not have a wife and an official concubine (or two concubines) at the same time, Antoninus avoided being pressed into a marriage with a noblewoman from another family (later, Marcus Aurelius would also reject the advances of his former fiancée Ceionia Fabia, Lucius Verus's sister, on the grounds of protecting his children from a stepmother, and took a concubine instead). Antonin Le Pieux Et Son Temps (1888) (French … Aurelia Fadilla (died in 135); she married, Marcus Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus (died before 138), died young without issue, Marcus Galerius Aurelius Antoninus (died before 138), died young without issue, Aurelia Fadilla (died in 135), who married, dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 18:34. Cependant, cet immobilisme forcené constitue bien la principale cause de la crise future de l’Empire au IIIe siècle. Heinz Bellen, "Die 'Verstaatlichung' des Privatvermögens der römische Kaiser". La politique défensive, pacifique, immobile d’Antonin préparait et annonçait les futures difficultés financières, militaires et morales de l’Empire romain. Roman Empire Denarius ANTONINUS PIUS - ANTONIN LE PIEUX (138-161 AD) Silver#7274. Dès lors, si on dénonce comme Chrétien une personne connue pour être un loyal sujet de l’Empire, cet individu doit nécessairement, impérativement et immédiatement être absous ! L’historien ecclésiastique Eusèbe de Césarée nous a conservé un fragment de lettre où le bon Antonin donne ses instructions à ce sujet : « De nombreux gouverneurs de province avaient écrit à mon divin Père (= Hadrien) au sujet de ces gens (= les Chrétiens).