Catalogne, en Espagne. Artur Mas, President of the Generalitat of Catalonia at that time, called a snap election, and the "Agreement for Freedom" was negotiated between Artur Mas (CiU "Conservativel local party") and Oriol Junqueras (ERC, Republican and socialistic-style left party). [27] The President of the Generalitat of Catalonia, Artur Mas, declared in a speech to Parliament that it was time for the people of Catalonia to exercise the right of self-determination. Unofficial Catalan independence referendums, Resolution of the Catalan Parliament for Holding an Independence Referendum, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Catalan self-determination referendum, 2014, (in English, Catalan, Spanish, and Occitan), President of the Generalitat of Catalonia, 2009–2011 Catalan independence referendums, Protest "Som una nació, nosaltres decidim", Demonstration "Catalunya, nou estat d'Europa", Declaration of Sovereignty and of the Right to Decide of the Catalan People, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party, Catalan independence § Studies on public opinion, Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials, "Catalonia president signs independence referendum decree", "Catalan Leader Signs Decree for Independence Referendum", "Catalonian leader orders referendum on independence from Spain", "Catalonia president orders independence referendum on Nov. 9", "Non-referendum popular consultation on the political future of Catalonia 2014", "DECREE 129/2014, of 27 September, on calling the non-referendum popular consultation on the political future of Catalonia", "Vol que Catalunya esdevingui un estat? « consultations populaires non-référendaires », Initiative pour la Catalogne Verts - Gauche unie et alternative, référendum sur l'indépendance de l'Écosse, Referèndum d'autodeterminació de Catalunya, Le référendum sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne jugé anticonstitutionnel, Le référendum catalan, un premier pas pour les indépendantistes, Artur Mas sollicite un référendum sur l'indépendance, Référendum de 2017 sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne, Référendums sur l'indépendance catalane en 2009-2011, Manifestation « Catalunya, nou estat d'Europa », Sondages d'opinion sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne, Vote sur l'avenir politique de la Catalogne 2014, Manifestation « Som una nació i tenim el dret de decidir », Consultation sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne d'Arenys de Munt, Consultations sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne de 2009, Consultations sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne de 2010, Décision du Tribunal constitutionnel sur le Statut de la Catalogne, Manifestation « Som una nació. — Emilio Morenatti/AP/SIPA Jour de vote en Catalogne. L'accord permet à Artur Mas d'être élu président de la Généralité de Catalogne pour la deuxième fois. Prosecutors were calling for Artur Mas to be disqualified from office for 10 years, while Ortega and Rigau for 9. Earlier this year, the former Catalan president, Artur Mas, was banned from public office for staging a previous, symbolic referendum in 2014. En mars 2006, le Parlement espagnol, alors majoritairement socialiste, approuve un nouveau statut d’autonomie de la Catalogne (loi régissant l’organisation institutionnelle de la région), réclamé par les nationalistes. Scottish voters were first asked whether they wanted Scotland to become an independent country in a referendum in September 2014; the result was 55% to 45% against independence. According to pro-consultation parties, this law will provide the legal basis for the President of the Generalitat of Catalonia, Artur Mas, to hold the consultation (non-binding self-determination referendum) on independence from Spain on 9 November. and believes the Catalan referendum 'unlawful and disastrous' (Spanish), Rubalcaba: "No estem ni estarem mai a favor del dret d'autodeterminació" (Catalan), IU defends a federal state, multi-national, social and republican recognize the right of the people of Catalonia to decide their political future. Nosaltres decidim », Consultations sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne de 2011, Élections au Parlement de Catalogne de 2012, Déclaration de souveraineté et du droit de décision du peuple de Catalogne, Conseil consultatif pour la transition nationale, Loi sur les consultations populaires non référendaires, Livre blanc de la transition nationale de la Catalogne, Vote sur l'avenir politique de la Catalogne, Élections au Parlement de Catalogne de 2015, Déclaration sur le lancement du processus d'indépendance de la Catalogne, Pacte entre Ensemble pour le oui et la CUP, Commission d'étude du processus constituant, Loi de transition juridique et constitutive de la République, Élections au Parlement de Catalogne de 2017, Associació de Municipis per la Independència, Plateforme pour le droit à l’autodétermination, Candidature d'unité populaire - Appel constituant, Gauche républicaine de Catalogne-Sobiranistes, Soutien institutionnel des consultations sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne, Études sur le soutien social à l'indépendance de la Catalogne, Mouvement pour l'indépendance de la Catalogne, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vote_sur_l%27avenir_politique_de_la_Catalogne_de_2014&oldid=172641391, Article contenant un appel à traduction en catalan, Portail:Politique en Espagne/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, « Voulez-vous que la Catalogne devienne un État ? Le vote sur l'avenir politique de la Catalogne, ou vote sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne, connu en Espagne sous le numéronyme de 9-N1, est un vote portant sur l'indépendance de la communauté autonome de Catalogne en Espagne. Un catalan se prononce sur l'indépendance de la région, le 9 novembre 2014. Ceci exclut de fait les résidents étrangers[7]. Spain must respect fundamental rights in response to Catalan referendum, UN rights experts GENEVA (28 September 2017) - UN experts* have called on the Spanish authorities to ensure that measures taken ahead of the Catalan referendum on 1 October do not interfere with the fundamental rights to freedom of expression, assembly and association, and public participation. ", "1,8 millones de personas votan por la independencia catalana en el 9-N", https://www.economist.com/blogs/charlemagne/2014/11/catalonias-independence-vote, "CIU and ERC came to an agreement in Catalonia: Referendum in 2014", Separatist Catalan Parties Announce Alliance, Agreement in Catalonia on date of independence referendum, "Catalan parliament approves independence vote", "Sáenz de Santamaría: "Lamentamos profundamente el error de Mas, "Spain higher court suspends Catalonia vote", "Spain's Constitutional Court suspends Catalan independence referendum", "Catalonia maintains November vote despite new suspension of process", "More than 1 million protest court ruling in Barcelona", "1.5 million take to streets of Barcelona in support of Independence", "Proposed resolution passed in the Parliament of Catalonia", "Parliament heads for national emancipation voting for a query", "It is time for the people Catalonia to exercise their right to self-determination", "El Parlament acorda iniciar el procés per fer efectiu el dret de decidir, amb 85 vots a favor, 41 en contra i 2 abstencions", "Declaration of sovereignty and of the right to decide of the Catalan nation", "Catalan parliament declaration pushes self-determination", "The declaration of sovereignty starts off in Parliament", "Could Scottish, Catalan independence votes reshape Europe? Catalan independence activists formed a nearly 250-mile human chain to galvanize attention, but their more daunting challenge comes in lining up support for a secession referendum. Le ... Référendum en Catalogne : ... Modifié le 10/11/2014 à 08:41 - Publié le 10/11/2014 à 06:46 [99], On 6 February 2017, a trial against the former president of the Government of Catalonia Artur Mas, the former vice president Joana Ortega and the former Catalan education minister Irene Rigau was held by the Supreme Court of Catalan Justice. The second question could only be answered by those who had answered Yes to the first one. [20] The Catalan Government subsequently announced the "temporary suspension" of the referendum campaign.[21]. Votre commentaire Annuler la réponse. Facebook; Twitter; E-mail; WordPress: J'aime chargement… Articles similaires. Catalonia’s regional president, Carles Puigdemont, says he was obliged to call the referendum, because that is what separatist parties pledged to do if they won elections in 2015. [18] On 29 September 2014, the Spanish Constitutional Court provisionally suspended the vote. 15 members of the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) voted against; 5 did not vote despite being present in the Chamber, thus disobeying the orders of the party whips to vote against the proposal. Proudly created with Wix.com Wix.com Ceci exclut les Catalans résidant par exemple à Madrid, la capitale espagnole[3]. Le scrutin est convoqué par Mas sur le fondement de la « loi des consultations », publiée le 27 septembre 2014 et qui réglemente les « consultations populaires non-référendaires », dont le résultat n'est pas contraignant pour le gouvernement catalan[4],[5]. [citation needed] The Catalan government declared that this ruling would "have no effect on the process". [96] The Catalan government did not provide a final turnout percentage figure. Catalogne : 3 questions pour comprendre la polémique autour du référendum Des milliers de catalans manifestent depuis mercredi 20 septembre. Le gouvernement de centre droit de Mariano Rajoy qualifie l'initiative catalane d'anticonstitutionnelle et refuse d'autoriser sa mise en oeuvre. Par AFP — 13 octobre 2014 à 22:47 (mis à jour le 14 octobre 2014 à 11:13) Des manifestants pour le référendum sur l'indépendance de la Catalogne, à Barcelone en décembre 2012. Agence France-Presse AFPQC. In case of affirmative answer, do you want this state to become independent? (Spanish), "PP, PSOE y UPyD tumban en el Congreso la moción sobre el derecho a decidir", Rosa Díez: «El Gobierno debe utilizar todos los medios legales para evitar el referéndum», El PNV apoyará delegar la competencia del referéndum a Cataluña (Spanish), BNG defenderá que Cataluña no plantea "un juego de cromos", sino una petición civilizada, legal y democrática (Spanish), Compromís votarà a favor de la proposta del Parlament de Catalunya al congrés espanyol (Catalan), Baldoví, de Compromís, i Sixto, d'Esquerra Unida, els dos diputats valencians que han dit 'sí' a la consulta (Catalan), "Sostres: "La soberanía reside en el pueblo español y es indivisible. Le vote n'est pas reconnu par Madrid. [7] The Protest "Som una nació, nosaltres decidim" on 10 July 2010 at the junction of Passeig de Gràcia and Carrer d'Aragó.[24]. Referendum results by district where saturation of colour represents the strength of vote. Référendum prévu, Florent, le 1er octobre / novembre prochain. The court’s decision prompted Artur Mas, then the president of Catalonia, to declare that he would call for an independence referendum if his party won re-election with a sizable majority. "[7] The "participation process" that has replaced the "non-referendum consultation" maintains the same two questions. The Catalan independence referendum is planned to take place during the tenth legislature of the Parliament of Catalonia. [35][36], On 12 December 2013, the Government of Catalonia announced that a deal between Catalan nationalist parties had set the date and wording for the referendum on independence. En novembre 2014, la Catalogne avait organisé une consultation symbolique, qui avait été déclarée anti-constitutionnelle. The Scottish independence referendum of 18 September 2014 was rather unique from an international perspective, as a comparison between the cases of Scotland and Catalonia clearly reveals. Dark represents >75%, light <75%. Catalan election explained in two minutes. Estimates of the number of people eligible to vote range between 5.4 million[44] and 6.2 million. Also, during 2012, dozens of Catalan towns declared themselves Free Catalan Territory stating that "the Spanish legislation and regulations have effect only in Spain, so this town will wait for new legislation and regulation from the Catalan Government and the Parliament of Catalonia.". Since December 2013, several surveys have been carried out on the two stated questions of the referendum. Des organisations culturelles favorables à l'indépendance, comme l'Assemblée nationale catalane, ont reconnu qu'en l'absence de liste électorale et de réseau informatique, les citoyens pourraient voter à deux reprises[8]. They are accused of serious civil disobedience and perverting the course of justice for having authorized the unofficial vote on 9 November 2014 in defiance of its prohibition by the Constitutional Court of Spain. The participation process does not have an official electorate. En vertu de l’article 2 de la Constitution, le référendum est jugé anticonstitutionnel par le Tribunal constitutionnel. The table does not consider turnout. (Yes/No); If so: b) Do you want this State to be independent? 04/12/2014 par Michel Kichka « No » du parlement espagnol au référendum sur la Catalogne. A non-binding Catalan self-determination referendum, also known as the Citizen Participation Process on the Political Future of Catalonia, was held on Sunday, 9 November 2014, to gauge support on the political future of Catalonia. [32], The political parties Convergence and Union (CiU) (50 yes), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) (21 yes) and Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left (ICV-EUiA) (13 yes) totally supported the statement of sovereignty. Published 29 September 2015. Environ 200 personnes se sont rassemblées, ce dimanche 1er octobre, devant le consulat espagnol à Bayonne. The Parliament of Catalonia makes a formal petition asking the Spanish Government to transfer the necessary powers to hold the referendum (as Westminster did with Scotland). Illustrateur. "[39][40] Mariano Rajoy, Spanish Prime Minister, said that the referendum would be considered illegal and that "any discussion or debate on this is out of the question".[39][41]. Scotland’s referendum on independence from the United Kingdom in September 2014, although ultimately unsuccessful, galvanized the independence movement in Catalonia. Le pourcentage de « oui » est à nuancer, car les opposants à l'indépendance avaient largement choisi l'abstention plutôt que le vote « non », puisqu'ils ne reconnaissent pas la légalité du scrutin[18]. You can only answer the question under Letter b) in the event of having answered "Yes" to the question under Letter a). [18] The same day the Spanish government announced that it would block the effort by appealing to the Constitutional Court of Spain. The President of the Generalitat of Catalonia Artur Mas and Oriol Junqueras, signing the 2012–2016 governability agreement on 19 December 2012. According to a resolution adopted by the Parliament of Catalonia on 27 September 2012: The Parliament of Catalonia confirms the need for the people of Catalonia to be able to freely and democratically determine their collective future and urges the government to hold a referendum during the following legislature. 9 novembre 2014 : La Catalogne organise une consultation symbolique sur l’indépendance avec 80% de oui et un taux de participation de 37%. [25] Estelada hanging between Carrer de Mallorca and Carrer de València, along Passeig de Gracia. Media in category "Catalan self-determination referendum, 2014" The following 55 files are in this category, out of 55 total. The Catalan government gave notice on 10 November, the day after voting, that 2,305,290 votes had been cast overall,[8] but it did not provide a percentage figure for the turnout. On 14 October, Artur Mas proposed a "process of citizen participation" as an alternative to the original referendum. Le référendum écossais et la Catalogne : 2012-2014 Michel LANDRON Université d'Angers CRINI EA 1162 michel.landron@univ-angers.fr Résumé De 2012 à 2014, le processus écossais a accompagné l'émergence d'une mobilisation des nationalistes catalans en faveur du « droit à décider ». While also referred to as "Catalan independence referendum", the vote was rebranded as a "participation process" by the Government of Catalonia, after a "non-referendum popular consultation" on the same topic and for the same date had been suspended by the Constitutional Court of Spain. The ballot papers carried two questions: "Do you want Catalonia to become a State?" [100][101][102], In the event, in March 2017 Mas was barred from public office for two years by a court in Barcelona for organizing an illegal vote in defiance of the Spanish courts. Quelques dizaines de milliers de réfugiés espagnols ayant vécu en Catalogne sous la dictature franquiste, ainsi que leurs descendants qui y sont nés, sont également exclus du fait qu'ils sont retournés dans leur région d'origine à partir de 1975 et de la transition monarchiste. Référendum Ecossais, Catalan et la crise Belge . Posted in Cartoons, tagged Catalogne référendum 2014 on 04/12/2014| Leave a Comment » « No » du parlement espagnol au référendum sur la Catalogne. La Catalogne, et sa capitale Barcelone, c'est la région la plus peuplée / riche d'Espagne, c'est aussi ... Lors du référendum de 2014, le « oui » à l’indépendance avait gagné, mais de très peu. Artur Mas, président de la Généralité de Catalogne. Le 13 octobre 2014, Artur Mas estime que les garanties légales sont insuffisantes pour maintenir ce référendum et propose une concertation citoyenne[16]. ... 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011. [21], On 14 October, the Catalan President proposes a "process of citizen participation" as an alternative for the original referendum[22] The Spanish government announced that it would block the effort by appealing to the Spanish Constitutional Court, which decided to hear the Spanish government case on 4 November 2014, which provisionally suspended the vote. Publié dans Cartoons | Tagué Catalogne référendum 2014 | Laisser un commentaire Comments RSS. Catalan independence: Mas called to court over 2014 referendum. and "In case of an affirmative response, do you want this State to be independent?". Tweet . Contrary to its Catalan equivalent, the Scottish referendum was perfectly legal and accepted by London, though London could have blocked it by legal and constitutional means. [47] It however allows the part of the right to decide (allows to check the Catalan people's opinion by a legal consultation). Pourquoi ce revirement ? La crainte de se voir « expulser » de fait de l'UE avait joué un rôle fondamental dans ce résultat. [19] The Court decided to hear the Spanish government's case on 29 September 2014, and provisionally suspended the vote. 30/07/2014 à 14h59 Mis à jour le 30/07/2014 à 14h59 Commenter. Michel Kichka. On the other hand, the People's Party of Catalonia (PPC) (19 no) and Citizens – Party of the Citizenry (C's) (9 no) totally opposed the proposal. Turnout estimates published by media outlets range between 37.0% [9][10][11] and 41.6% (the latter figure, based on the Catalan government's preliminary data). [26], The resolution was adopted after the general policy debate. Facebook; Twitter; E-mail; WordPress: J'aime chargement Read Full Post » Page d'accueil English Hébreu - הבלוג בעברית. Propulsé par les partis nationalistes de la région, il s'est tenu le 9 novembre 2014, mais il a été déclaré nul par le Tribunal constitutionnel, saisi par le gouvernement. Referendum a následující události vyvolaly tzv. 2014 Catalan self-determination referendum; Template:Infobox referendum/testcases; Usage on es.wikipedia.org Proceso participativo sobre el futuro político de Cataluña de 2014; Usage on fr.wikipedia.org Vote sur l'avenir politique de la Catalogne de 2014; Usage on gl.wikipedia.org Referendo de autodeterminación de Cataluña [45][46], On 25 March 2014, the Spanish Constitutional Court finally ruled that the sovereignty part of the "Declaration of Sovereignty and of the Right to Decide of the Catalan People" was "unconstitutional and null", and therefore did not allow a self-determination referendum to be held in Catalonia. ", "El Tribunal Constitucional suspende la declaración soberanista de Parlamento de Cataluña", "El Constitucional suspèn la declaració de sobirania", Catalan President Mas: "The country's good sense has made it possible to come to a consensus and agree on an inclusive, clear question, which enjoys broad support", Political parties announce date for vote on Catalonia independence, Spain to block Catalonia independence referendum, Spain Rejects Call for Catalonia Independence Vote, "La Generalitat asume que solo los independentistas votarán el 9-N", "Resultados del 9N: El apoyo a la independencia logra el 81% de los votos, por un 10% del 'sí-no, "El 'sí-sí' a la independencia vence con el 80,7% de los votos del 9-N", "1,6 millones de personas votan por la independencia catalana en el 9-N", "Catalonia independence vote ruled unconstitutional", Spain Says Catalonia Can’t Vote for Independence, But Catalans Will Go Ahead Anyway, Spain's parliament rejects Catalan independence bid, "86 percent of Congress votes down Catalonia referendum request", "Catalan Parliament approved law allowing independence vote", "Catalan representatives complain to international organisations against Spanish Government for blocking self-determination", "Catalan Parliament election 2012 program", "Program Catalan Parliament election 2012", "Ciutadans de Catalunya busca una alternativa al nacionalismo con un partido de 800 militantes", "El nuevo partido antinacionalista Ciutadans de Catalunya inicia su proceso constituyente", "2012 Catalan Parliament election manifesto", "The Spanish Government "will not allow" and "will not negotiate" on Catalonia's self-determination vote", "Rajoy insists he will not negotiate on Catalonia's self-determination", The PSOE, disagrees with the PSC.