By 1790, the Jewish population of Alsace was approximately 22,500, about 3% of the provincial population. Prosperity returned to Alsace under Habsburg administration during the Renaissance. Some overzealous statesmen have called it a Nazi invention - while its origins date back to the 11th century and the Red and White banner[28] of Gérard de Lorraine (aka. There is fairly low precipitation because the Vosges protect it from the west. They maintained their own customs, Yiddish language, and historic traditions within the tightly knit ghettos; they adhered to Jewish law. The A4 toll road (towards Paris) begins 20 km northwest of Strasbourg and the A36 toll road towards Lyon, begins 10 km west from Mulhouse. Churches (as main sights in otherwise less remarkable places): Bibliothèque humaniste in Sélestat, one of the oldest public libraries in the world, Departmental Centre of the History of Families (CDHF) in Guebwiller, the international airport of Strasbourg in, the EuroVelo 6 (Véloroute des fleuves from, the EuroVelo 15 (Véloroute Rhin / Rhine cycle route from. The line plans to link up the interchange of Hœrdt to the north of Strasbourg, with Innenheim in the southwest. This teaching of German, referred to as the Holderith Reform, was later extended to all pupils in the last two years of elementary school. Les chiffres de l'Insee pour l'année 2017 sont tombés ce lundi 30 décembre 2019. Unlike other member states of the German federation, which had governments of their own, the new Imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine was under the sole authority of the Kaiser, administered directly by the imperial government in Berlin. Figure 1 : Le Grèbe huppé en Alsace en 2019 . It has regularly increased over time, except in wartime, by both natural growth and migration. The constitution of the Fifth Republic states that French alone is the official language of the Republic. Alsace is also well known for its foie gras made in the region since the 17th century. There are two international airports in Alsace: Strasbourg is also two hours away by road from one of the largest European airports, Frankfurt Main, and 2-hour 30 minutes from Charles de Gaulle Airport through the direct TGV service, stopping in Terminal 2. Carte Pratique pour trouver un Appart hotel proche de sa destination. Although it was never formally annexed, Alsace-Lorraine was incorporated into the Greater German Reich, which had been restructured into Reichsgau. La croissance de la population ralentit dans les départements alsaciens, c'est une des conclusions de la publication des chiffres légaux de la population dévoilés ce mercredi par l'Insee. In 1972, the Inspector General of German, Georges Holderith, obtained authorization to reintroduce German into 33 intermediate classes on an experimental basis. The French language never really managed, however, to win over the masses, the vast majority of whom continued to speak their German dialects and write in German (which we would now call "standard German"). Many Alsatians also began to sail to the United States, settling in many areas from 1820 to 1850. 68% of its jobs are in the services; 25% are in industry, making Alsace one of France's most industrialised régions. Vins d'Alsace (Alsace wines) are mostly white. Alsace became one of the French regions boasting a thriving Jewish community, and the only region with a noticeable Anabaptist population. It retains its power over the surrounding area. In 1707, the simultaneum forced many Reformed and Lutheran church buildings to also allow Catholic services. The population of the departments of Grand Est Region according to census results and latest official estimates. The enlargement plan of the Rhône–Rhine Canal, intended to link up the Mediterranean Sea and Central Europe (Rhine, Danube, North Sea and Baltic Sea) was abandoned in 1998 for reasons of expense and land erosion, notably in the Doubs valley. France ceded more than 90% of Alsace and one-fourth of Lorraine, as stipulated in the treaty of Frankfurt; Belfort, the largest Alsatian town south of Mulhouse, remained French. Note: the commune of Strasbourg is not inside the arrondissement of Strasbourg-Campagne but it is nonetheless the seat of the Strasbourg-Campagne, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Union of Protestant Churches of Alsace and Lorraine, Protestant Church of Augsburg Confession of Alsace and Lorraine, Protestant Reformed Church of Alsace and Lorraine, several international organizations and bodies, 1905 French law on the separation of Church and State, 1905 law separating the French church and state was instituted, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Henriette Louise de Waldner de Freundstein, 2014 Alsace single territorial collectivity referendum, "Full text of "Alsace-Lorraine since 1870, Livre noir du Communisme: crimes, terreur, répression, "Fichier Données harmonisées des recensements de la population de 1968 à 2011", "IMG1B – Les immigrés par sexe, âge et pays de naissance", "D_FD_IMG2 – Base France par départements – Lieux de naissance à l'étranger selon la nationalité", "Unser LandBrève histoire d'un drapeau alsacien - Unser Land", "Colmar : une statue de la Liberté en "Rot und Wiss" - France 3 Alsace", "Charte européenne des langues régionales : Hollande nourrit la guerre contre le français", "Les Christstollen de la vallée de Munster", "Law Lords slam crime agency for freezing UMBS payments", "Jardins de la ferme bleue – SehenswĂźrdigkeiten in Uttenhoffen, Elsa". There is controversy around the recognition of the Alsatian flag. La publication World Population Prospects fournit les estimations de population des Nations unies pour tous les pays du monde pour chaque année entre 1950 et 2020 et les projections selon différents scénarios (bas, moyen et haut) pour chaque année entre 2020 et 2100. During most of the part of its history, a great part of Alsace was flooded by the Rhine every year. Au 1er janvier 2019, la population légale est de 1 121 407 personnes dans le Bas-Rhin et 762 743 dans le Haut-Rhin, d'après la dernière publication de l'Insee basée sur les chiffres de 2016. The population was forced to speak German and 'French' family names were Germanized. The city of Colmar has a sunny microclimate; it is the second driest city in France, with an annual precipitation of 600 mm, making it ideal for vin d'Alsace (Alsatian wine). The province had a single provincial court (Landgericht) and a central administration with its seat at Hagenau. Alsatian is now taught in French high schools. As of 2015, Alsace is administered through Grand Est. It was used into the 20th century as a term for a ramshackle marketplace, "protected by ancient custom and the independence of their patrons". Coordinates: 48°30′N 7°30′E / 48.500°N 7.500°E / 48.500; 7.500. 1), 53 sites potentiels ont tous été contrôlés en totalité par 6 During the First World War, to avoid ground fights between brothers, many Alsatians served as sailors in the Kaiserliche Marine and took part in the Naval mutinies that led to the abdication of the Kaiser in November 1918, which left Alsace-Lorraine without a nominal head of state. The Easter Bunny was first mentioned in Georg Franck von Franckenau's De ovis paschalibus (About Easter eggs) in 1682 referring to an Alsace tradition of an Easter Hare bringing Easter eggs. They concentrated in trade, services, and especially in money lending. When Napoleon imposed military conscription without religious exception, most emigrated to the American continent. Derived from the above, "Alsatia" was historically a cant term for the area near Whitefriars, London, which was for a long time a sanctuary. Vous trouverez ci-dessous un ensemble de graphiques courbes et statistiques du recensement de la population de la ville de Colmar. Alsace produces some of the world's most noted dry rieslings and is the only region in France to produce mostly varietal wines identified by the names of the grapes used (wine from Burgundy is also mainly varietal, but not normally identified as such), typically from grapes also used in Germany. La plus grande ville de l'Alsace est la ville de Strasbourg avec une population de 271.782 habitants. Liste de tous les lieux pour se baigner proches de l'Alsace. Although German dialects were spoken in Alsace for most of its history, the dominant language in Alsace today is French. ... 6 pôles de compétitivité (industries et agro-ressources, Alsace biovalley, véhicule du futur, materalia, fibres énergivie, hydreos). Germany ceded the region to France under the Treaty of Versailles. Later the province became a diffuse border region between the French and the German cultures and languages. Alsace, historical region and former région of France, incorporated since January 2016 into the région of Grand Est. At present, plans are being considered for building a new dual carriageway west of Strasbourg, which would reduce the buildup of traffic in that area by picking up north and southbound vehicles and getting rid of the buildup outside Strasbourg. However, local antisemitism also increased and Napoleon turned hostile in 1806, imposing a one-year moratorium on all debts owed to Jews. Age et Situation d'un Habitant Type Données Économiques, Démographiques et Touristiques, En enregistrant votre contribution, vous acceptez les. Le nombre d'élèves, la réussite aux examens du bac et du brevet, le pourcentage de mentions et les filières ou séries proposées en Alsace. It includes the départements of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin (known previously as Sundgau and Nordgau). However, compared to the rest of France, Alsace enjoyed a climate of religious tolerance. Les sites touristiques à visiter, les villages remarquables, les monuments, les lieux classés, les activités, les caves de dégustation. When the French Revolutionary Army of the Rhine was victorious, tens of thousands fled east before it. The idea was that such men would be more tractable and less likely to alienate the fief from the crown out of their own greed. 670 agents sont mobilisés en Alsace pour débuter le recensement à partir du 17 janvier pour sa 16e édition. Alsace's population increased to 1,872,949 in 2014. Kaeppelin, Charles E. R, and Mary L. Hendee. Alsace 's Elsàss (alsacien) - Elsass (de) ... Population: 1 884 150 hab. At the same time, some Alsatians were in opposition to the Jacobins and sympathetic to the restoration of the monarchy pursued by the invading forces of Austria and Prussia who sought to crush the nascent revolutionary republic. Chômage en Alsace. Recensement de la population URGENT : Si vous n’avez pas encore été recensé veuillez contacter le secrétariat général de la mairie d’Altkirch au 03 89 08 36 05. France continued to maintain its customs border along the Vosges mountains where it had been, leaving Alsace more economically oriented to neighbouring German-speaking lands. It took up winter quarters, demanded the submission of Metz and Strasbourg and launched an attack on Basel. Hops are grown in Kochersberg and in northern Alsace. Risque d'être victime d'un acte de délinquance en Alsace. Villes par Nombre d'Habitants en Alsace Liste des Plus Grosses Villes. Alsace-Lorraine was occupied by Germany in 1940 during the Second World War. The end of the war led to the unification of Germany. Alsace has a semi-continental climate at low altitude and a continental climate at high altitude. France did endeavour to promote Catholicism. When hostilities were concluded in 1648 with the Treaty of Westphalia, most of Alsace was recognized as part of France, although some towns remained independent. Several valleys are also found in the région. Current Alsace Manor, Pennsylvania Population, Demographics and stats in 2020, 2019. In the past ten years, France’s population growth rate has decreased significantly to 0.22%. A stop on the Paris-Vienna-Orient trade route, as well as a port on the Rhine route linking southern Germany and Switzerland to the Netherlands, England and Scandinavia, it became the political and economic center of the region. An additional natural disaster was the Rhine rift earthquake of 1356, one of Europe's worst which made ruins of Basel. The German region Hesse uses a flag similar to the Rot-un-Wiss. Population, emploi et demandeurs d’emploi sur 10 ans en Alsace (Grand Est) En 10 ans (entre 2007 et 2017), le nombre d’établissements dans le secteur concurrentiel en Alsace a progressé de 3,3 %, soit 1 645 établissements supplémentaires. Because the Vosges are surmountable only by the Col de Saverne and the Belfort Gap, it has been suggested that Alsace needs to open up and get closer to France in terms of its rail links. It creates Foehn winds which, along with natural irrigation, contribute to the fertility of the soil. Population; Population en 2017; Densité de la population (nombre d'habitants au km²) en 2017; Superficie en 2017, en km²; Variation de la population : taux … Alsace is the most well equipped region of France, with 2000 kilometres of cycle routes. "Alsatia", the Latin form of Alsace's name, entered the English language as "a lawless place" or "a place under no jurisdiction" prior to the 17th century as a reflection of the British perception of the region at that time. Like all regional languages in France, however, the transmission of Alsatian is on the decline. Additionally, Alsace is known for its fruit juices and mineral waters. Southern Alsace, also called the Sundgau, is characterized by carpe frite (that also exists in Yiddish tradition). Alsace historically was part of the Holy Roman Empire and the German realm of culture. Since 2006, France computes the population size from census results counted in different years. The population of the departments of Normandy Region according to census results and latest official estimates. For the battleship, see, Current administrative regions (since 2016), Former administrative regions (1982–2015), From French Revolution to the Franco-Prussian War, Struggle between France and united Germany. The most notable example is Gewurztraminer. Ajoutez un lieu sur c'est libre et gratuit . Population totale, portrait d'un habitant type. La région de l'Alsace compte 520 866 familles et 219 167 sont des couples sans enfants, 121 056 familles ont un enfant, 103 527 familles ont deux enfants, 34 216 familles ont trois enfants, 10 709 familles ont quatre enfants ou plus. France began an aggressive policy of expanding eastward, first to the rivers Rhône and Meuse, and when those borders were reached, aiming for the Rhine. Alsatian cuisine, somewhat based on German culinary traditions, is marked by the use of pork in various forms. It contains many forests, primarily in the Vosges and in Bas-Rhin (Haguenau Forest). [30] However, visitors to Alsace can see indications of renewed political and cultural interest in the language – in Alsatian signs appearing in car-windows and on hoardings, and in new official bilingual street signs in Strasbourg and Mulhouse. The word is still in use in the 21st century among the English and Australian judiciaries to describe a place where the law cannot reach: "In setting up the Serious Organised Crime Agency, the state has set out to create an Alsatia - a region of executive action free of judicial oversight," Lord Justice Sedley in UMBS v SOCA 2007.[33]. The Rot-un-Wiss flag is still known as the real historical emblem of the region by most of the population and the départements' parliaments and has been widely used during protests against the creation of a new "super-region" gathering Champagne-Ardennes, Lorraine and Alsace, namely on Colmar's statue of liberty.[29]. From the annexation of Alsace by France in the 17th century and the language policy of the French Revolution up to 1870, knowledge of French in Alsace increased considerably. ... 41 764 apprentis à la rentrée 2019 (9,1% de la Métropole) France consolidated its hold with the 1679 Treaties of Nijmegen, which brought most remaining towns under its control. After the end of the Thirty Years War, southern Alsace was annexed by France in 1648, with most of the remainder captured later in the century. Alsace is also the main beer-producing region of France, thanks primarily to breweries in and near Strasbourg. This growth has … Strasbourg began to grow to become the most populous and commercially important town in the region. Au 1er janvier 2019, la population légale est de 1 121 407 personnes dans le Bas-Rhin et 762 743 dans le Haut-Rhin, d'après la dernière publication de l'Insee basée sur les chiffres de 2016. "La Marseillaise" was played for the first time in April of that year in front of the mayor of Strasbourg Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich. Alsace is a région of varied economic activity, including: Alsace has many international ties and 35% of firms are foreign companies (notably German, Swiss, American, Japanese, and Scandinavian). Alsace has an area of 8,283 km2, making it the smallest région of metropolitan France. L'Alsace compte 1879265 habitants, pour 5559100 habitants dans la région Grand Est (et ses 10 départements). Policies forbidding the use of German and requiring French were promptly introduced. The gastronomic symbol of the région is undoubtedly the Choucroute, a local variety of Sauerkraut. Les Accords de coopération entre l’Alsace et... Alsace and Lorraine: From Cæsar to Kaiser, 58 B.C.–1871 A.D. Official website of the Alsace regional council, Rhine Online – life in southern Alsace and neighbouring Basel and Baden Wuerrtemburg, Directory of Alsatian Websites,, NUTS 2 statistical regions of the European Union, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles needing additional references from November 2020, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Alemannic German-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Old High German (ca. Alsatian is taught in schools (but not mandatory) as one of the regional languages of France. [citation needed]. Résultats au bac, séries proposées et nombre d'élèves des lycées publics du secteur de l'Alsace. Alsace was merged with Baden, and Lorraine with the Saarland, to become part of a planned Westmark. Only in 1911 was Alsace-Lorraine granted some measure of autonomy, which was manifested also in a flag and an anthem (Elsässisches Fahnenlied). Si la France est un pays où le poids de l’agriculture dans l’économie est très important, force est de constater que les milieux ruraux se dépeuplent chaque année un peu plus : en 2019, la part de la population urbaine était écrasante et excédait les 80 %. Some Alsatian immigrants were noted for their roles in 19th-century American economic development. Si vous êtes un visiteur, prenez contact avec le webmaster du site. In a world of agriculture, Alsace has always been a rich region which explains why it has suffered so many invasions and annexations in its history. The Kingdom of Lotharingia was short-lived, however, becoming the stem duchy of Lorraine in Eastern Francia after the Treaty of Ribemont in 880. They were highly segregated and subject to long-standing antisemitic regulations. There is a growing network of schools proposing full immersion in Alsatian dialect and in Standard German, called ABCM-Zweisprachigkeit (ABCM -> French acronym for "Association for Bilingualism in the Classroom from Kindergarten onwards", Zweisprachigkeit -> German for "Bilingualism"). Ajouter un lieu sur c'est libre et c'est complètement gratuit ! The 1685 Edict of Fontainebleau, by which the French king ordered the suppression of French Protestantism, was not applied in Alsace. In response to the "hundred day" restoration of Napoleon I of France in 1815, Alsace along with other frontier provinces of France was occupied by foreign forces from 1815 to 1818,[13] including over 280,000 soldiers and 90,000 horses in Bas-Rhin alone. La population de Colmar a été estimée à 66 560 habitants en 2007. For more than 300 years, from the Thirty Years' War to World War II, the political status of Alsace was heavily contested between France and various German states in wars and diplomatic conferences. About 50 such "simultaneous churches" still exist in modern Alsace, though with the Catholic church's general lack of priests they tend to hold Catholic services only occasionally. Avis des vacanciers, tarifs, photos et coordonnées des propriétaires de chambres d'hôtes de l'Alsace. The traditional habitat of the Alsatian lowland, like in other regions of Germany and Northern Europe, consists of houses constructed with walls in timber framing and cob and roofing in flat tiles. Some settled in Texas and Illinois, many to farm or to seek success in commercial ventures: for example, the sailing ships Sully (in May 1843) and Iowa (in June 1844) brought families who set up homes in northern Illinois and northern Indiana. In 357 AD, Germanic tribes attempted to conquer Alsace but they were rebuffed by the Romans. Population et nombre d'habitants de l'Alsace, Niveau de vie et Categories sociales de l'Alsace, Plages de l'Alsace, lac, rivière, mer, étang, Tous les Sports possible autour de l'Alsace, Bureaux de Poste et boites aux lettres de l'Alsace, Plages, lac, rivières, mer, étang de l'Alsace, Chiffres détaillés du nombre d'habitants de Alsace. d'Alsace). [10] As in much of Europe, the prosperity of Alsace was brought to an end in the 14th century by a series of harsh winters, bad harvests, and the Black Death. Served alongside are often roasted or steamed potatoes or dumplings. It is almost four times longer than it is wide, corresponding to a plain between the Rhine in the east and the Vosges mountains in the west. According to the Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE), Alsace had a gross domestic product of 44.3 billion euros in 2002. Recensement 2019. A third of the malgré-nous perished on the Eastern front. Due to protests it was decided in 2019 that Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin would form the future European Collectivity of Alsace in 2021. With the purpose of "Francizing" the region, the Rot-un-Wiss has not been recognized by Paris. The sailors returned home and tried to found an independent republic. Classement des Villes par la Population. Thus, a proportion of the HGVs travelling from north Germany to Switzerland or southern Alsace bypasses the A5 on the Alsace-Baden-Württemberg border and uses the untolled, French A35 instead. During the next century, France was to be militarily shattered by the Hundred Years' War, which prevented for a time any further tendencies in this direction. [15] Others ventured to Canada to settle in southwestern Ontario, notably Waterloo County. The strongly Catholic Louis XIV tried in vain to drive them from Alsace. Classement au niveau de l'insécurité de l'Alsace. It is a region in the east of France with a population of approximately 1.9 million people. Tous les apparthotels de l'Alsace et ceux à proximité immédiate avec leurs coordonnées. To discourage this, the region's authorities gave financial grants to the inhabitants to paint the rendering in various colours, in order to return to the original style and many inhabitants accepted (more for financial reasons than by firm belief). Top 15 des communes les plus peuplées d'Alsace, de Strasbourg à Riedisheim . [citation needed]. They are mostly found on roofs of houses, churches and other public buildings in Alsace. Although U.S. President Woodrow Wilson had insisted that the région was self-ruling by legal status, as its constitution had stated it was bound to the sole authority of the Kaiser and not to the German state, France would allow no plebiscite, as granted by the League of Nations to some eastern German territories at this time, because the French regarded the Alsatians as Frenchmen liberated from German rule. The presence of hominids can be traced back 600,000 years ago. After the 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War, Alsace became a part of the 1871 unified German Empire as a formal Emperor's Land. By 58 BC, the Romans had invaded and established Alsace as a center of viticulture. They were successful as moneylenders and had the favor of the Emperor. These conditions led to emigration by hundreds of families to newly vacant lands in the Russian Empire in 1803–4 and again in 1808. Estimates of the French Works Commissioner however, raised some doubts over the interest of such a project, since it would pick up only about 10% of the traffic of the A35 at Strasbourg. His efforts were countered by the Roman Catholic Habsburgs who tried to eradicate heresy in Upper Alsace. Between 1870 and 1918, Alsace was annexed by the German Empire in the form of an imperial province or Reichsland, and the mandatory official language, especially in schools, became High German. 5 549 586 habitants (8,5% de la population métropolitaine). This word was included into the French language as choucroute. Alsace formed part of the Middle Francia, which was ruled by the eldest grandson Lothar I. Lothar died early in 855 and his realm was divided into three parts. The treaty stipulations regarding Alsace were complex. Carte des endroits oú se baigner en Alsace. Une cartographie de la densité des … By 1831, the state began paying salaries to official rabbis, and in 1846 a special legal oath for Jews was discontinued. Today, the territory is in certain areas subject to some laws that are significantly different from the rest of France – this is known as the local law. It is perhaps mostly known for the region's wines and beers. However, propaganda for elections was allowed to go with a German translation from 1919 to 2008. Following the Second World War, the 1927 regulation was not reinstated and the teaching of German in primary schools was suspended by a provisional rectorial decree, which was supposed to enable French to regain lost ground. The word Sauerkraut in Alsatian has the form sûrkrût, same as in other southwestern German dialects, and means "sour cabbage" as its Standard German equivalent. Nombre d'habitants en Alsace en 2019. In contrast to other parts of France, Protestants were permitted to practice their faith in Alsace even after the Edict of Fontainebleau of 1685 that abolished their privileges in the rest of France. TER Alsace is the rail network serving Alsace. According to current projections, France’s population is expected to reach its peak at 67.68 million people in 2045, after which it will decline slowly back down to 65.55 million people by the end of the century. It has, however, no real historical relevance. Alsace was united with the other Alemanni east of the Rhine into the stem duchy of Swabia. Alsace was the first French region affected by the outbreak. The population grew rapidly, from 800,000 in 1814 to 914,000 in 1830 and 1,067,000 in 1846. It is a rift or graben, from the Oligocene epoch, associated with its horsts: the Vosges and the Black Forest.