Par son père Titus Aurelius Fulvus, consul en 89, et son grand-père Titus Aurelius Fulvus, … According to the German historian H.G. [83] One of his chief concerns was to having local communities conform their legal procedures to existing Roman norms: in a case concerning repression of banditry by local police officers ("irenarchs", Greek for "peace keepers") in Asia Minor, Antoninus ordered that these officers should not treat suspects as already condemned, and also keep a detailed copy of their interrogations, to be used in the possibility of an appeal to the Roman governor. Ne démontre-t-elle pas que la « religion » chrétienne est restée fidèle aux cérémonies juives, beaucoup plus longtemps que les historiens chrétiens ne l’admettent communément ? La biographie d'Antonin le Pieux par Julius Capitolinus est encore plus maigre que celle d'Hadrien par Spartianus. [32]There seems to have been some opposition to Antoninus' appointment on the part of other potential claimants, among them his former consular colleague Lucius Catilius Severus, then Prefect of the city. However, it seems that this was not the case: according to his Historia Augusta biography (which seems to reproduce an earlier, detailed report) Antoninus' body (and not his ashes) was buried in Hadrian's mausoleum. Faustina bore Antoninus four children, two sons and two daughters. [69], In his dealings with Greek-speaking cities, Antoninus followed the policy adopted by Hadrian of ingratiating himself with local elites, especially with local intellectuals: philosophers, teachers of literature, rhetoricians and physicians were explicitly exempted from any duties involving private spending for civic purposes – a privilege granted by Hadrian that Antoninus confirmed by means of an edict preserved in the Digest (27.1.6.8). Such disturbances happened in Mauretania – where a senator was named as governor of Mauretania Tingitana in place of the usual equestrian procurator[40] and cavalry reinforcements from Pannonia were brought in,[41] towns such as Sala and Tipasa being fortified. The day after that, 7 March 161,[107] he summoned the imperial council, and passed the state and his daughter to Marcus. Antonin le Pieux (Fulvii), Empereur Romain 86-161: Attention aux conventions: * Un astérisque derrière leprénom signifie que des informations sontincertaines ** Deux astérisques signifie que lapersonne … Instead of exaggerating into treason whatever was susceptible of unfavorable interpretation, he turned the very conspiracies that were formed against him into opportunities for demonstrating his clemency. The Aurelii Fulvii were therefore a relatively new senatorial family from Gallia Narbonensis whose rise to prominence was supported by the Flavians. They had all heard about the spirit of justice held by this great emperor, justice that was heightened by his handsome and grave countenance, and his slim and vigorous figure." Alors, parler d’apogée, tout est relatif ! Arria Fadilla, Antoninus' mother, married afterwards Publius Julius Lupus, suffect consul in 98; from that marriage came two daughters, Arria Lupula and Julia Fadilla. There is more to this argument, given that the Parthians in the East were themselves soon to make no small amount of mischief after Antoninus' passing. ANTONIN LE PIEUX (25/02/138-7/03/161) Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus Auguste (10/07/138-7/03/161) Antonin est né le 19 septembre 86 à Lanuvium. Elle enferme en quelques pages l'histoire d'un règne de vingt-trois ans, et nous réduit à dire de cet empereur ces seuls mots, qui sont assez pour sa gloire, mais trop peu pour notre curiosité : transiit benefaciendo, il a passé en faisant le … Husband of Ulpia Marciana: Levick (2014), p. 161. Il leur avait répondu que ces individus ne devaient nullement être maltraités tant qu’ils ne seraient pas trouvés à comploter contre l’Empire romain. Esclavage et travail forcé, First Apology of Justin Martyr, Chapter LXVIII, A. Mischcon, Abodah Zara, p.10a Soncino, 1988. Le pape Pie, premier du nom, aurait-il été victime d’une erreur judiciaire ? Antonin Le Pieux Et Son Temps (1888) (French Edition) [Lacour-Gayet, Georges] on Amazon.com. (Voir Tableau généalogique). B. Antoninus' financial help earned him praise by Greek writers such as Aelius Aristides and Pausanias. Aureus (AV, 7.16g, 6h). [103] In 160, Marcus and Lucius were designated joint consuls for the following year. [52] The fact that around the same time coins were struck announcing a victory in Britain points to Antoninus' need to publicize his achievements. Suetonius a possible lover of Sabina: One interpretation of, Lover of Hadrian: Lambert (1984), p. 99 and. The only intact account of his life handed down to us is that of the Augustan History, an unreliable and mostly fabricated work. [50] Also, in the absence of urban development and the ensuing Romanization process, the rear of the wall could not be lastingly pacified. [106] He ate Alpine Gruyere cheese at dinner quite greedily. Opens image gallery. Ulianowski also praises Antoninus for being successful in deterrence by diplomatic means. [8] The link between Antoninus' family and their home province explains the increasing importance of the post of Proconsul of Gallia Narbonensis during the late Second Century. He mitigated the use of torture in examining slaves by certain limitations. [59] Also during his reign the governor of Upper Germany, probably Caius Popillius Carus Pedo, built new fortifications in the Agri Decumates, advancing the Limes Germanicus fifteen miles forward in his province and neighboring Raetia. [7] Titus Aurelius Fulvius was the son of a senator of the same name, who, as legate of Legio III Gallica, had supported Vespasian in his bid to the Imperial office and been rewarded with a suffect consulship, plus an ordinary one under Domitian in 85. Scholars name Antoninus Pius as the leading candidate for an individual identified as a friend of Rabbi Judah the Prince. Après la mort de son père, alors qu’il n’avait 3 ans, il a été adopté par Antonin le Pieux à la demande de l’Empereur de Rome, Hadrien. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. Avec lui, Rome connaît un âge d'or : pas de … J.-C. (891-914 de la fondation de Rome). Et pas uniquement parce qu’à l’inverse de son prédécesseur Hadrien, grand voyageur devant l’Éternel, ce pantouflard ne mit pas souvent les pieds hors de Rome ! While this increased Antoninus's popularity, the frugal emperor had to debase the Roman currency. [100] Gavius Maximus, who had been one of the most important members of Antoninus' "team" of long standing advisers, had been awarded with the consular insignia and the honors due a senator. [114][118] The text specifically states that it was the first time there had been direct contact between the two countries. Antonin le Pieux ( 19 septembre 86 - 7 mars 161) Issu d'une famille originaire de Nemausus (Nîmes), Antonin le Pieux a été adopté par l'empereur Hadrien et lui a succédé à la tête de l'empire romain en … Husband of Salonia Matidia: Levick (2014), p. 161. Arc d'Antonin le Pieux est un arc et arc de triomphe / monumental. Il a été empereur de 138 à 161. Auréus 7,21 g. Rome (148 - 149). all disputes, if any, should be resolved peacefully. © Empereurs Romains - Tous droits réservés. Antonin le Pieux est un empereur romain, né le 19 septembre 86 à Lanuvium, dans le Latium, mort le 7 mars 161. It brought presents of rhinoceros horns, ivory, and tortoise shell, probably acquired in Southern Asia. [120] Roman golden medallions made during the reign of Antoninus Pius and perhaps even Marcus Aurelius have been found at Óc Eo in southern Vietnam, then part of the Kingdom of Funan near the Chinese province of Jiaozhi. Ce qu’il s’empressa de faire. [27] He was next appointed by the Emperor Hadrian as one of the four proconsuls to administer Italia,[28] his district including Etruria, where he had estates. Marcus Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus (died before 138); his sepulchral inscription has been found at the Mausoleum of Hadrian in Rome. [113], The first group of people claiming to be an ambassadorial mission of Romans to China was recorded in 166 AD by the Hou Hanshu. [101] He had developed a reputation as a most strict disciplinarian (vir severissimus, according to Historia Augusta) as well as some lasting grudges among fellow equestrian procurators – one of them, by predeceasing Gavius and vilifying him in his will, created a serious embarrassment to one of the heirs, the orator Fronto. Antonin le pieux - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock 138 – 161 Antonin le Pieux (Titus Aurelius Pius) Antonin le Pieux est né en 86 à Lanuvium, dans le Latium. [60] In the East, Roman suzerainty over Armenia was retained by the choice in AD 140 of Arsacid scion Sohaemus as client king. [112] In contrast to their behavior during Antoninus' campaign to deify Hadrian, the senate did not oppose the emperors' wishes. As a hallmark of the increased connection between jurists and the imperial government,[87] Antoninus' reign also saw the appearance of the Institutes of Gaius, an elementary legal manual for beginners (see Gaius (jurist)). Marcus consented to Antoninus' proposal. jw2019 jw2019 . Antonin le Pieux fut un empereur romain qui régna de 138 à 161. Or ce sont les communautés d’Asie mineure, fortement teintées de judaïsme, qui, saint Polycarpe de Smyrne en tête, restèrent le plus longtemps et le plus farouchement attachées à la date juive. [83], Antoninus passed measures to facilitate the enfranchisement of slaves. Antonin Le Pieux Et Son Temps (1888) (French … 138 – 161 [95], One highlight during his reign occurred in 148, with the nine-hundredth anniversary of the foundation of Rome being celebrated by the hosting of magnificent games in Rome. La fête de la Pâque juive est une fête de libération. [86] Maecianus would eventually be chosen to occupy various prefectures (see below) as well as to conduct the legal studies of Marcus Aurelius. H.G. [21] Finally, Antoninus created a new alimenta (see Grain supply to the city of Rome). [124] Antoninus is unique among Roman emperors in that he has no other biographies. Antoninus tried to portray himself as a magistrate of the res publica, no matter how extended and ill-defined his competencies were. ", "Antoninus Pius (A.D. 138–161) De Imperatoribus Romanis", L. Catilius Severus Iulianus Claudius Reginus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antoninus_Pius&oldid=993829549, Articles with dead external links from October 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus (birth), Imperator Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Il aurait ainsi donné le bras à son père naturel, qui, claudiquant, éprouvait de grandes difficultés à gravir les marches du Sénat. [79], The res privata lands could be sold and/or given away, while the patrimonium properties were regarded as public. Copy inscribed in marble of a letter from Hadrian to the magistrates and council of Ephesus, found in the Bouleuterion at Ephesus, 128-129 AD, British Museum (16965431131).jpg 2,330 … La politique religieuse d’Antonin, c’était donc une bonne affaire pour ces Chrétiens qui, depuis l’écrasement de la dernière grande révolte juive de 136, commençaient à prendre de très nettes distances avec le judaïsme. Marcus Galerius Aurelius Antoninus (died before 138); his sepulchral inscription has been found at the Mausoleum of Hadrian in Rome. Cette stratégie résolument défensive trouva toute son expression dans la muraille (Mur d’Antonin) que l’empereur fit construire en Grande-Bretagne entre le Forth et la Clide et qui « doublait » au Nord la fortification déjà édifiée par son père adoptif Hadrien. Julia Balbilla a possible lover of Sabina: A. R. Birley (1997). Instead of stirring up persecution against the Christians, he extended to them the strong hand of his protection throughout the empire. Mouse over to Zoom … [84] Also, although Antoninus was not an innovator, he would not always follow the absolute letter of the law; rather he was driven by concerns over humanity and equality, and introduced into Roman law many important new principles based upon this notion. [28], He acquired much favor with Hadrian, who adopted him as his son and successor on 25 February 138,[30] after the death of his first adopted son Lucius Aelius,[31] on the condition that Antoninus would in turn adopt Marcus Annius Verus, the son of his wife's brother, and Lucius, son of Lucius Aelius, who afterwards became the emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. [36], Antoninus built temples, theaters, and mausoleums, promoted the arts and sciences, and bestowed honours and financial rewards upon the teachers of rhetoric and philosophy. [37], There are no records of any military related acts in his time in which he participated. Michael Grant agrees that it is possible that had Antoninus acted decisively sooner (it appears that, on his death bed, he was preparing a large-scale action against the Parthians), the Parthians might have been unable to choose their own time, but current evidence is not conclusive. Par son père Titus Aurelius Fulvus, consul en 89, et son grand-père Titus Aurelius Fulvus, consul en 85, il est originaire de Nemausus (Nîmes). Wife of M. Annius Verus: Giacosa (1977), p. 10. After a seven-day interval (justitium), Marcus and Lucius nominated their father for deification. C’est peu après son accession au trône que le Sénat lui décerna le nom de « Pius » (Pieux). He started nibbling on dry bread to give him the strength to stay awake through his morning receptions. [75] Secondly, the res privata, the "private" properties tied to the personal maintenance of the Emperor and his family,[76] something like a Privy Purse. ANTONIN LE PIEUX (25/02/138-7/03/161) Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus Auguste (10/07/138-7/03/161) Antonin est né le 19 septembre 86 à Lanuvium. Rome. Originaire du Latium, son surnom, Antonin le Pieux, lui vient de ses … Cependant, l’empereur ne l’adopta et ne fit de lui son successeur qu’à la condition expresse qu’à son tour, lui-même adopte Lucius Verus et le futur Marc Aurèle. Antonin le Pieux, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Antoninus est un Empereur romain de 138 à 161 ap. [5] His reign is notable for the peaceful state of the Empire, with no major revolts or military incursions during this time, and for his governing without ever leaving Italy. Or, la tradition chrétienne veut qu’en 155, juste au moment où des communautés juives (judéo-chrétiennes, christo-judaïques) se soulevaient en Asie mineure, le pape Pie Ier ait été martyrisé à Rome. Get this from a library! [92] In criminal law, Antoninus introduced the important principle that accused persons are not to be treated as guilty before trial[88] – as in the case of the irenarchs (see above). Faustina was a beautiful woman, and despite (basically unproven) rumours about her character, it is clear that Antoninus cared for her deeply.[13]. Simon Hornblower, Antony Spawforth, Esther Eidinow (2014): Emmanuelle Collas-Heddeland, "Le culte impérial dans la compétition des titres sous le Haut-Empire. [38], His reign was the most peaceful in the entire history of the Principate,[39] notwithstanding the fact that there were several military disturbances throughout the Empire in his time. [72] Antoninus also offered patronage to the worship of Mithras, to whom he erected a temple in Ostia. En l’occurrence celle des Hébreux d’Égypte. He is known for having increasingly formalized the official cult offered to the Great Mother, which from his reign onwards included a bull sacrifice, a taurobolium, formerly only a private ritual, now being also performed for the sake of the Emperor's welfare. Français : Colonne d'Antonin le Pieux Column of Antoninus Pius Upload media Wikipedia: Instance of: sculpture, victory column: Commemorates: Antoninus Pius; Material used: marble; … He offered hefty financial grants for rebuilding and recovery of various Greek cities after two serious earthquakes: the first, circa 140, which affected mostly Rhodes and other islands; the second, in 152, which hit Cyzicus (where the huge and newly built Temple to Hadrian was destroyed[66]), Ephesus, and Smyrna. [58], There were also some troubles in Dacia Inferior which required the granting of additional powers to the procurator governor and the dispatch of additional soldiers to the province. Marcus Aurelius had already been created consul with Antoninus in 140, receiving the title of Caesar – i.e., heir apparent. Antonin le Pieux (138-161), Sesterce, Avers: Tête laurée à droite, Revers: L'Annone drapée, assise à gauche, tenant une corne d'abondance et des épis. [42] Similar disturbances took place in Judea, and amongst the Brigantes in Britannia, none of them being considered serious. Au cours du règne d’Antonin le Pieux (138- 161), une grande partie de la ville fut reconstruite. C’est d’ailleurs à ce moment que, très progressivement et au prix de grosses prises de bec, que les Chrétiens commencent à ne plus célébrer la Pâques à la même date que les Juifs. In: Paul Graindor, "Antonin le Pieux et Athènes". Cohen 50 (Monnaies>Romaines>Monnaies de l'Empire) Antonin le Pieux … One modern scholar has written "It is almost certain not only that at no time in his life did he ever see, let alone command, a Roman army, but that, throughout the twenty-three years of his reign, he never went within five hundred miles of a legion". Antonin le Pieux. The emperor gave the keynote to his life in the last word that he uttered: when the tribune of the night-watch came to ask the password, he responded, "aequanimitas" (equanimity). This splitting had to do with the division of imperial properties into two parts. On the whole, according to Grant, Marcus Aurelius' eulogistic picture of Antoninus seems deserved, and Antoninus appears to have been a conservative and nationalistic (although he respected and followed Hadrian's example of Philhellenism moderately) Emperor who was not tainted by the blood of either citizen or foe, combined and maintained Numa Pompilius' good fortune, pacific dutifulness and religious scrupulousness, and whose laws removed anomalies and softened harshnesses. Other opinions cited suggest "Antoninus" was. He found it difficult to keep himself upright without stays. [19] In honour of her memory, he asked the Senate to deify her as a goddess, and authorised the construction of a temple to be built in the Roman Forum in her name, with priestesses serving in her temple. Husband of Ceionia Fabia: Levick (2014), p. 164. [48], Although Antonine's Wall was, in principle, much shorter (37 miles in length as opposed to 73) and at first sight more defensible than Hadrian's Wall, the additional area that it enclosed within the Empire was barren, with land use for grazing already in decay. Iphone 12 : Découvrez le nouveau bijou technologique de chez Apple, Déjà Plus de 530,000 utilisateurs pour la nouvelle application TousAntiCovid, Équipez-vous d’un thermostat programmable et profitez d’une aide de l’état de 150 €. [23][24][25], Having filled the offices of quaestor and praetor with more than usual success,[26] he obtained the consulship in 120[12] having as his colleague Lucius Catilius Severus. Sa famille est originaire de … In one inscription honoring Antoninus, erected by Legio II Augusta, which participated in the building of the Wall, a relief showing four naked prisoners, one of them beheaded, seems to stand for some actual warfare. [82], Of the public transactions of this period there is only the scantiest of information, but, to judge by what is extant, those twenty-two years were not remarkably eventful in comparison to those before and after the reign. [44], Under instructions from the emperor, Lollius undertook an invasion of southern Scotland, winning some significant victories, and constructing the Antonine Wall[45] from the Firth of Forth to the Firth of Clyde. ANTONIN LE PIEUX (25/02/138-7/03/161) Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus Auguste (10/07/138-7/03/161) Antonin est né le 19 septembre 86 à Lanuvium. [96] It lasted a number of days, and a host of exotic animals were killed, including elephants, giraffes, tigers, rhinoceroses, crocodiles and hippopotami. Antonin le Pieux … [77] While still a private citizen, Antoninus had increased his personal fortune greatly by mean of various legacies, the consequence – we are told – of his caring scrupulously for his relatives. He decreased the silver purity of the denarius from 89% to 83.5% – the actual silver weight dropping from 2.88 grams to 2.68 grams.[46][97]. He died of illness in 161 and was succeeded by his adopted sons Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus as co-emperors. R/ l’Équité debout à gauche, tenant une balance et une corne d’abondance. He is credited with the splitting of the imperial treasury, the Fiscus. En 138, Hadrien l’adopta. He was also the author of a large work on Fidei commissa (Testamentary Trusts). A successful military campaign in southern Scotland early in his reign resulted in the construction of the Antonine Wall. Une lettre d'Antonin aux Éphésiens". Le règne d’Antonin, ce fut un peu « l’immobilisme au pouvoir ». Bury, however estimable the man, Antoninus was hardly a great statesman. Nous venons de voir qu’Antonin interdisait qu’on poursuivît les Chrétiens sauf s’ils étaient reconnus coupables de complot contre l’État. Après le plus long règne depuis Auguste, dépassant de quelques mois celui de Tibère, Antonin le Pieux meurt le 7 mars 161 emporté par des fièvres à Lorium en Etrurie, à 19 km de Rome. Dans tous les domaines, l’empereur se contenta de gérer l’Empire en « bon père de famille », sans faiblesse mais sans génie. Contrairement à Trajan et Hadrien, ses prédécesseurs, il accomplit toute sa carrière dans l’administration civile, devenant successivement questeur, préteur et consul (en 120). De qui ou de quoi les Chrétiens, héritiers des mouvements messianiques juifs voulaient-ils se libérer ? Antonin le Pieux (19 septembre 86 à Lanuvium, Latium – 7 mars 161) est un empereur romain, qui régna de 138 à 161. But this treasury was depleted almost immediately after Antoninus's reign due to the plague brought back by soldiers after the Parthian victory. [9], Antoninus’ father had no other children and died shortly after his 89 ordinary consulship. Sister of Trajan's father: Giacosa (1977), p. 7. Antonin le Pieux A flamen, or cultic priest, was appointed to minister the cult of the deified Antoninus, now Divus Antoninus. [53] The orator Fronto was later to say that, although Antoninus bestowed the direction of the British campaign to others, he should be regarded as the helmsman who directed the voyage, whose glory, therefore, belonged to him. Denier d’Antonin le Pieux (138-161 ap J-C), 17mm, 3.10g, en argent (fourré ? Concubinage was a form of female companionship sometimes chosen by powerful men in Ancient Rome, especially widowers like Vespasian, and Marcus Aurelius. Firstly, the fiscus itself – or patrimonium, meaning the properties of the "Crown", the hereditary properties of each succeeding person that sat on the throne, transmitted to his successors in office,[74] regardless of their previous membership in the imperial family. Antoninus was known as an avid observer of rites of religion and of formal celebrations – both Roman and foreign. Aurelia Fadilla (died in 135); she married, Marcus Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus (died before 138), died young without issue, Marcus Galerius Aurelius Antoninus (died before 138), died young without issue, Aurelia Fadilla (died in 135), who married, dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 18:34. Si donc quelqu’un continue à attaquer l’un de ces Chrétiens et le dénonce parce que tel, que ce Chrétien soit absous, même s’il apparaît qu’il est Chrétien ». Antoninus Pius' funeral ceremonies were, in the words of the biographer, "elaborate". a large part of Ephesus was rebuilt. Il est vrai que l’Empire, à cette époque, avait atteint son extension géographique maximale. Sa famille est originaire de … [Bernard Rémy] -- Antonin est considéré comme le parangon des vertus du grand souverain pacifique et bienfaisant. [11], Some time between 110 and 115, Antoninus married Annia Galeria Faustina the Elder. Some historians have a less positive view of his reign. Ronald Syme, "Antonine Relatives: Ceionii and Vettuleni". Except where otherwise noted, the notes below indicate that an individual's parentage is as shown in the above family tree. [108] It survives as the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda. [126], German historian Ernst Kornemann has had it in his Römische Geschichte [2 vols., ed.